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Open access

I. Dirba and J. Kleperis

Parallel Path Magnet Motor: Development of the Theoretical Model and Analysis of Experimental Results

Analytical and numerical modelling is performed for the linear actuator of a parallel path magnet motor. In the model based on finite-element analysis, the 3D problem is reduced to a 2D problem, which is sufficiently precise in a design aspect and allows modelling the principle of a parallel path motor. The paper also describes a relevant numerical model and gives comparison with experimental results. The numerical model includes all geometrical and physical characteristics of the motor components. The magnetic flux density and magnetic force are simulated using FEMM 4.2 software. An experimental model has also been developed and verified for the core of switchable magnetic flux linear actuator and motor. The results of experiments are compared with those of theoretical/analytical and numerical modelling.

Open access

J. Dirba, L. Lavrinovicha and R. Dobriyan

Abstract

The authors consider the features and operation specifics of the synchronous permanent magnet motors and the synchronous reluctance motors with electronic commutation in servomotor operation modes. Calculation results show that mechanical and control characteristics of studied motors are close to a linear shape. The studied motor control is proposed to implement similar to phase control of induction servomotor; it means that angle θ (angle between vectors of the supply voltage and non-load electromotive force) or angle ε (angle between rotor direct axis and armature magnetomotive force axis) is changed. The analysis results show that synchronous electronically commutated motors could be used as servomotors.

Open access

J. Dirba and L. Lavrinovicha

Abstract

The authors consider the possibilities to synthesise metamodels for the analysis and optimisation of brushless synchronous motors. The metamodels are presented for new designs of the outer-rotor permanent magnet synchronous motor and the outer-rotor reluctance motor. The metamodels are synthesised based on the results obtained by the numerical calculations of magnetic field taking into account magnetic saturation. Analysis of the results for the motor magnetic field and tests of the metamodels at the selected and intermediate points shows that these can be synthesised with acceptable accuracy using numerical calculations instead of expensive real experiments.

Open access

J. Dirba, L. Lavrinovicha and R. Dobriyan

Abstract

The paper focuses on studying the external-rotor synchronous reluctance motor. The analysis is performed to estimate the influence of the number of stator slots and non-magnetic areas in the rotor (i.e., flux barriers) on the electromagnetic torque and torque ripple of the studied motor. It is concluded that the increase in the number of stator slots Z = 6 to Z = 18 causes an approximately twofold decrease in the ripple factor, but torque increases by 5 %. Electromagnetic torque will be increased approximately by 24 %, if non-magnetic flux barriers are created in the rotor of the studied synchronous reluctance motor.

Open access

J. Dirba, L. Lavrinovicha and R. Dobriyan

Abstract

This paper focuses on studying the synchronous reluctance motors as an alternative to low-power commutator motors. Analysis is done for the improved design of synchronous reluctance motor with a segmental external rotor. Relevant equations and a suitable method are proposed for calculating characteristics of the synchronous reluctance motors operating in a specific mode with electronic commutation as switched reluctance motors. It is concluded that synchronous reluctance motors in this mode can provide a wide range of characteristics and are quite competitive with commutator motors used in low-power devices.

Open access

L. Lavrinovicha, J. Dirba and R. Dobriyan

Abstract

The paper presents new designs for synchronous reluctance motors that have external rotor (segment-shaped rotor, rotor with additional non-magnetic space to the quadrature axis of the rotor, and rotor with several flux barriers). Impact of the external rotor configuration on the electromagnetic torque and torque ripple is analysed. Electromagnetic torque ripple factor is calculated for each studied motor using the results of magnetic field numerical calculations.

Open access

J. Dirba, R. Dobriyan, L. Lavrinovicha and S. Vitolina

Abstract

The paper presents the comparison of two synchronous reluctance motors with the inner rotor and the outer one. The aim of the research is to determine the influence of motor type on electromagnetic torque and ripple factor. The results indicate that a maximum value of electromagnetic torque and the amplitude of the first harmonic of electromagnetic torque increase for the motor with the inner rotor, and the value of ripple factor increases as well. If both motor types with equal rated power, rotation frequency and current density are compared, the results show a possibility to reduce the volume of motor with the inner rotor by 15 %.

Open access

Physical and Technical Energy Problems

High-Reliability Brushless Synchronous Motors for Hand Tools and Household Appliances / BEZKONTAKTU SINHRONIE DZINĒJI AR PAAUGSTINĀTU DROŠUMU IZMANTOŠANAI ELEKTROINSTRUMENTOS UN SADZĪVES TEHNIKĀ

N. Levin, V. Pugachev, J. Dirba and L. Lavrinovicha

The paper presents an overview of brushless electric motors used in hand electric tools and household appliances. Analysis of the motor types has shown that synchronous reluctance motors are the most reliable for lowpower drives of such tools and appliances due to their simple design, long service life and low cost of production. Solutions are proposed for significant decrease in the quadrature-axis magnetic flux of the synchronous reluctance motor. The motors are shown to develop the specific electromagnetic torque up to 0.35÷0.4 Nm/kg.

Open access

N. Levin, V. Pugachev, J. Dirba and L. Lavrinovicha

The authors analyze the advantages and disadvantages of brushless synchronous electric machines with radially and non-radially mounted rectangular permanent magnets. The results show that the proposed nonradial mounting of permanent magnets considered in the paper, in several cases (e.g. multi-pole brushless generators with tooth windings of the armature) allows achievement of the following advantages: better technology of manufacturing the electric machine owing to simple packing of the stator winding in the stator open slots, which also increases the copper slot fillfactor; reduction in the mass-and-size of permanent magnets at least twice; significantly lower cost of the electric machine; and, finally, its greater specific power.

Open access

R. Dobriyan, S. Vitolina, L. Lavrinovicha and J. Dirba

Abstract

The paper presents the research on evaluation of accuracy of magnetic field calculations of synchronous reluctance motor in comparison with the results obtained in experiments. Magnetic field calculations are performed with the finite element method to determine values of the magnetic flux and electromagnetic torque according to the current value in motor stator and load angle between the rotor direct-axis and axis of stator magnetomotive force (MMF). Experimental values of magnetic flux and electromagnetic torque are obtained on motor with locked rotor while equivalent direct current is applied to the stator windings. The research shows that the results obtained from the magnetic field calculations coincide well with the experimental data.