Karosienė J., Kasperovičienė J., 2012: Peculiarities of epiphyton algal communities formation on different macrophyte species [Skirtingų makrofitų rūšių epifitono dumblių bendrijų formavimosi ypatumai]. - Bot. Lith., 18(2): 154-163.
The epiphyton on different aquatic vegetation represented by emerged macrophytes (Phragmites australis, Equisetum fluviatile, Schoenoplectus lacustris), floating-leaved plants (Nuphar luteum) and submerged macrophytes (Potamogeton perfoliatus, Chara rudis) was studied in two meso- and mesoeutrophic lakes. The morphological characteristics, physiological and synecological peculiarities of plant host had more effect on epiphyton algae abundance and biomass than species richness. The highest densities of algae were associated with helophytes Phragmites australis, Equisetum fluviatile, the lowest was recorded on Schoenoplectus lacustris and laminae of Nuphar luteum. Loosely attached diatoms prevailed on helophytes, adnate species on Nuphar luteum laminae. Cyanobacteria and green algae were more abundant on Nuphar luteum laminae and Potamogeton perfoliatus.
The current study summarised the diversity of cyanobacteria found in various habitats of the second largest raised bog of Lithuania. A total of 56 cyanobacteria species that comprise 19% of all phycoflora diversity in Kamanos raised bog were recorded. Species from the Chroococcales (32 species) order and the Chroococcus (7), Aphanothece (7) genera were the most numerous. Twenty one cyanobacteria species were found in Lithuania for the first time. Most of species recorded in Kamanos raised bog were cosmopolite or distributed in temperate zone. One third of the species were characteristic particularly of the peat bogs. Thirty nine species of cyanobacteria were specific to the particular water body and occurred only in 1–3 of the studied localities. Only five species, i.e. Chroococcus turgidus, Aphanocapsa grevillei, Aphanothece elabens, Cyanosarcina sp. and Hapalosiphon sp. were common. Peculiarities of the habitat were the most important drivers determining species richness and composition of cyanobacteria in a particular locality.
The collection of pure cultures of algae and cyanobacteria deposited at the Nature Research Centre is a unique and diverse culture collection in Lithuania. It was initiated on the basis of a few national projects in 2010 as an outcome of ecological and molecular studies on invasive and harmful bloom-forming algae and cyanobacteria. To date, the collection holds more than 500 strains, which belong to ten classes, over 70 genera and 140 species. Strains were isolated from Lithuanian freshwaters and the Curonian Lagoon. The collection serves for various research topics including species interactions, molecular analysis, biotechnology (remediation of wastewaters, cell wall disruption, high- and low-value bioproducts), as well as for teaching purposes.
‘Algae Service for LIFE’, the project supported by the European Union, seeks to promote best practices in ecological service and the circular economy by implementing innovative complex system of three interlinked elements: i) prototypes for harvesting of cyanobacteria and macroalgae biomass; ii) distant methods for surveying of the blooms and defining hot-spots of algal agglomerations; and iii) restitution of harvesting costs by redesigning of waste algal biomass into valuable products. The current paper describes application of algal biomass part of the project by providing actions in redesigning of harvested waste biomass of cyanobacteria and macroalgae into potential valuable products for sustainable management and recycling of environmental resources. It also highlights the socio-economic aspects of the project and added value of the project for the European Union.
EU international project of LIFE programme “Algae Service for LIFE” seeks to promote best practices in ecological service and development of circular economy. The goal of the project is to demonstrate integrated efficient management of nutrients and nuisance algal blooms at the catchment scale by harvesting cyanobacteria scums and macroalgae mats in various types of water bodies (rivers, lakes and estuarine lagoon). Also, it seeks to raise awareness of the national and local authorities, business community and society on the environmental, water quality and health hazard issues. The paper provides the idea of applying ecological measures to control algal blooms. Thus, issues related to the causes and mechanisms of eutrophication in inland freshwaters as well as to consequences such as algal blooms are highlighted. The measures proposed in the project are briefly discussed in the light of European Union directives.