The aim of the paper was to investigate the sorption properties of granulometric fractions separated from the genetic horizons of arable Haplic Cambisol developed from boulder loams of the Middle-Polish (Riss) Glaciation, Wartanian Stadial (central Poland). Separation of granulometric fractions was made with application of the Atterberg method without the use of centrifuging and dispersing agents. The cation exchange capacity average value in cmol(+)kg−1 and % contribution in particular fractions reached: 1–0.1 mm – 2.1 (1.6%), 0.1–0.05 mm – 5.5 (4.0%), 0.05–0.02 mm – 8.5 (6.1%), 0.02–0.01 mm – 13.0 (10.1%), 0.01–0.005 mm – 16.1 (12.8%), 0.005–0.002 mm – 28.6 (20.5%) and fraction <0.002 mm – 48.7 (44.9%). Leaching of the total exchangeable bases was the largest in the 0.1–0.05 mm fraction and decreased successively with decreasing grain diameter. Sorption properties of the tested soil determine its high agricultural value and buffer properties. The cation exchange capacity of the recognised granulometric fractions successively increased with decrease of their diameter while leaching process intensity in individual fractions decreased gradually as their dimensions decreased. Calcium was the most leached cation, followed by magnesium and sodium, whereas potassium was not leached at all. Significant increase of the cation exchange capacity in fractions from carbonate horizons was mostly caused by the increased contribution of calcium, which could be released from carbonates during extraction of bases.
Józef Chojnicki, Wojciech Kwasowski, Michał Piotrowski, Lidia Oktaba and Marek Kondras
The paper was focused on determining the content soluble in 20% HCl of Fe, Mn, Zn, Cu, B, Co, Pb, and Ni in arable Cambisols and Luvisols, developed from boulder loams and fluvioglacial sands of the Middle-Polish (Riss) glacial period, Wartanian Stadial in the Skierniewicka Upland, and recognizing the relationships between these elements and selected soil properties. The mean content of Mn, Zn, Cu, B, Co, Pb, Ni, and Fe in the soils developed from boulder loam was: 288, 24, 5, 3, 12.4, 4, 9, and 6.8 mg·kg−1 of soil, and 1.24%, respectively. The contents of the above mentioned elements in soils developed from fluvioglacial sands were lower and reached: 235, 16, 2.9, 6.5, 2.5, 7, 3.4 mg·kg−1 of soil, and 0.71%, respectively. Statistical analysis has indicated a correlation between the total amounts of Zn, Cu, B, Co, Ni, and the contents of <0.02 mm and <0.002 mm particles and iron. The Fe content was correlated with the texture of soil, the Mn amount was correlated only with the iron content, whereas that of lead – with the organic carbon content. The soil-forming processes influenced the distribution of total contents of elements. The lessivage process influenced the distribution of Zn, Cu and B, the brunification process influenced the distribution of Fe, Ni, B and Co, the gleying process influenced the distribution of Mn, whereas Pb and Zn were bioaccumulated in most humus horizons of the studied soils. The studied arable soils had natural contents of trace elements.