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Peter Nielsen, Ngoc Anh Dung Do, Thomas Eriksen and Izabela Nielsen

Abstract

This paper presents an analysis methodology for establishing the demand stability of the planning environment faced by a company and the impact on the stability from changes to sales order. The methodology focuses on three critical planning parameters derived from customer orders: product mix, volume, and order sizes. Furthermore, the methodology links the delivery performance of a company to the changes made to sales orders. Based on a test case application of the methodology, it is concluded that by accepting changes, the demand faced by the case company has become more unstable on product mix, volume, and the number of order lines per period, while some added stability has been achieved with regards to the order size distributions. Ultimately, by applying the methodology to the case company, it is found that by changing the sales orders, the company does not improve the delivery performance.

Open access

Narges Banaeian, Izabela Ewa Nielsen, Hossein Mobli and Mahmoud Omid

Abstract

An organization's environmental performance is affected by its suppliers' environmental performance, and selecting green suppliers is a strategic decision in order to be more competitive in today's global market. By developing green movement across the globe, organizations are under pressure to reduce the emissions across their supply chain. Formerly the food production systems was oriented and optimized to satisfy economic demands and the nutritional needs of a rapidly growing world population. The food production industry requires large inputs of resources and causes several negative environmental effects. In recent years, environment factors rapidly emerging as an important issue for decision makers in food industries.

This study identifies best supplier in holistic perspective for edible oil production, and proposes a hybrid model using Delphi method and Green Data Envelopment Analysis (GDEA). Delphi method identifies the main criteria influenced in supplier selection process based on opinion of company purchase experts. GDEA evaluates the overall performances of suppliers and choose green supplier. Proposed hybrid model applied to a well-known company who produce edible oil (palm, soybean and olive oil) to evaluate green suppliers (among 13 main potential suppliers). Delphi questionnaire included 17 factors which were from financial, services, qualitative and environmental factors. The factors with the highest Delphi score (raw material price, quality, delivery and carbon footprint) entered in DEA model and high efficiency suppliers selected. Results showed that the most efficient raw oil suppliers of company are: S4 among soybean oil suppliers, P1 among palm oil suppliers and O3 among olive oil suppliers. Also palm oil not only has fewer price and carbon footprint but also the highest mean efficiency.

Open access

Grzegorz Bocewicz, Zbigniew Banaszak and Izabela Nielsen

Abstract

The problems of designing supply networks and traffic flow routing and scheduling are the subject of intensive research. The problems encompass the management of the supply of a variety of goods using multi-modal transportation. This research also takes into account the various constraints related to route topology, the parameters of the available fleet of vehicles, order values, delivery due dates, etc. Assuming that the structure of a supply network, constrained by a transport network topology that determines its behavior, we develop a declarative model which would enable the analysis of the relationships between the structure of a supply network and its potential behavior resulting in a set of desired delivery-flows. The problem in question can be reduced to determining sufficient conditions that ensure smooth flow in a transport network with a fractal structure. The proposed approach, which assumes a recursive, fractal network structure, enables the assessment of alternative delivery routes and associated schedules in polynomial time. An illustrative example showing the quantitative and qualitative relationships between the morphological characteristics of the investigated supply networks and the functional parameters of the assumed delivery-flows is provided.