The article shows the results of ergonomics diagnosis at the concrete mixer workplace. Above mentioned results constitute only a part of a widespread project which aims at integrated ergonomic diagnosis of workplace environment considering improving both technical conditioning and psycho-social conditioning. Foregoing researches were conducted in several companies in Silesian Voivodeship with regard to different work positions. The ergonomic diagnosis was done with the usage of tools as: Ergonomic Control Test CET II and Dortumd’s list. The remarks allowed to evaluate worker’s awareness of ergonomics, and to identify problems in this field.
In a well-organized company, stock levels are precisely planned. In order to optimize inventory, various analyses of inventory usage are carried out in terms of them quantity and status. The work presents research on improving the method of managing inventory in the tire industry using the example of a selected company. The company operates warehouses in which tires for passenger cars and vans are stored. Products stored in warehouses ensure high standards. The company focuses on individuality and has a strong market position. The paper presents the results of the ABC and XYZ analysis that allow grouping tires by demand, value and number. The criteria for choosing the ABC/XYZ method are a simple way of use and low financial outlays, in contrast to such methods as MRP or just in time. Furthermore, calculations of such standards as rotation ratios for individual seasons and optimal inventory were carried out. The rotation indicator allows determine which goods are sold quickly and which goods are selling poorly, and therefore the costs associated with their storage are probably higher than from the sale of profits. As a result of the analysis, improvements were made to the inventory management system. The implementation of the proposed methods and tools for inventory management allowed the company to eliminate unnecessary inventories, reduce storage costs and minimize inventory control.
The article presents the results of research carried out as a part of a project aimed at integrated ergonomic diagnosis of the work environment in terms of improvement of technical and psychosocial conditions. The research carried out so far included small and medium-sized enterprises located in the Śląskie Voivodeship. The tests included blue-collar workers as well as administrative (white-collar) workers. Ergonomic diagnosis was carried out by direct observation of employees at the workplace using tools such as the Ergonomic Control Test CET II and the Dortmund list. This article presents the results of ergonomic analysis at a workstation with a computer.
The aim of European Union policy is to implement the principles of sustainable development, in which particularly important are: environmental protection and rational management of resources. Major role is given to waste management and appropriate prioritization of activities in this area. The main goal of waste management is prevention, minimization and elimination of wastes “at source”, as well as encouraging efficient use of natural resources through recovery and recycling of waste. Storage process should be minimalized over the years until the complete elimination. As shown by statistics data, unfortunately in Poland, the process is very slow. The analysis of the data provided by the Central Statistical Office (CSO) over the last thirteen years shows a significant increase in the level of recovery and recycling of municipal waste. All together it was 11.654 million Mg of municipal waste collected in 2016. Wastes selected from municipal waste (paper, glass, plastics, metals) accounted for only 25.2% (2.942 million Mg), and mixed waste accounted for 74.8% (8.712 million Mg). In 2016 the recycling rate was 27.83%, composting or fermentation – 16.22%, 19.44% of municipal wastes are subjected thermal transformation and the storage level is 36.51%. Landfilling is still the most common form of municipal waste disposal.
The paper addresses application of digitazation of production processes, which is part of organizational digitization, also known as Industry 4.0. It deals with modernization and optimization of production systems by creating models in simulation software via digital engineering. For our analysis, 8 real assembly lines were used, with an average of 15 workplaces, which were integrated into one universal line by means of simulation. The aim of our research was to create a digital twin of the real assambly lien and to analyse effectiveness of the proposed modernization universal assembly line using the generated statistical data.