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Ivaylo Ivanov

Abstract

Many national and EU strategies and documents put targets that will lead to a positive change for people and better life. For examples, the EU 2020 strategy assess the progress by indicators focused on employment, investment in research and development, education, energy efficient and risk of poverty. The system for monitoring of sustainable development in Bulgaria includes 56 indicators grouped in ten key areas such as socio-economic development, sustainable consumption and production, social inclusion, demographic changes, public health, sustainable transport, natural resources, global partnership and good governance. But at regional level, these sets of indicators are difficult to apply by many reasons. The aim of research was testing of an approach for survey of the sustainable development of a territorial unit. A complex index for assessment of sustainable development of territorial units was design by set of significant indicators, which evaluate socio-economic conditions for life and development in the territorial unit. The approach and the index were applied for survey of NUTS 3 level regions in Bulgaria, according the EU legislation, by using the last available official data of the National Statistical Institute of Bulgaria. Benefits of the approach using were summarized.

Open access

Mariana Kuzmanova and Ivaylo Ivanov

Abstract

Crises are more often perceived as a common phenomenon which requires adequate managers’ reaction and response. Nevertheless, changes have long become an element of standard management activity to support the long-term development of modern organizations. Organizations in the information and communications technology sector (ICT) face a number of challenges: intensive innovations, high R&D expenditures, widespread ICT penetration in all areas of the economy and society, shorter product life cycle, increase of crisis phenomena, etc. The purpose of this publication is to present the results of an empirical survey on the practice of linking solutions in the field of change management and crisis management among organizations in the ICT sector in Bulgaria. Achieving this goal requires solving the following tasks: examining the essence of both change management and crisis management and the need to combine their decisions; analyzing respondents’ opinions on their understanding of the different types of changes and crises experienced by organizations in the ICT sector in their development process as well as on the management activity of managers.

Open access

Albena Merdzhanova, Ivaylo Ivanov, Diana A. Dobreva and Lyubomir Makedonski

Abstract

This article presents information about omega-3 (h-3) and omega-6 (n-6) polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) contents in a broad range of commercially important fish species available on Bulgarian fish markets. The aim is to raise consumers’ awareness and encourage them to eat fish. Fish species from the Black Sea coast have relatively high proportion of n-3 PUFAs, of which more than 80% is by EPf (eicosapentaenoic acid, C 20:5 n-3) and DHA (docosahexaenoic acid, C 22:6 n-3). Extensive epidemiological studies show that fish consumption is inversely associated with the incidence of cardiovascular diseases (CVD), stroke and the functioning of the brain. About 0.5 g of omega-3 (EPA+DHA) a day or two savings of oily fish a week are required to reduce the risk of death from CVD. PUFAs needs should be satisfied not only with food additives but with fish lipids containing food.

Open access

Elena Dragozova-Ivanova, Ivan Paligorov, Ivaylo Ivanov and Stanislava Kovacheva

Abstract

The article presents alternatives for sustainable management of forest landscapes based on the analysis of Teteven area in Bulgaria. The conclusions are a result of research of 21 main factors, which are identified and evaluated with varying weight by experts and classified in five groups: environmental, social, economic, technological and political. In order to identify the most important and key factors, a structural analysis is applied. The alternatives are summarised in four scenarios called No Management, Ecological and Close to the Nature, Traditional Management and Maximum Potential Benefit.