Date palm is one of the most important economical crops in the world. Sex determination of date palm in early stage is a prerequisite for breeding and cultivation. The aim of this study is to validate RAPD and ISSR markers for sex identification of date palm genotypes grown under Sudan conditions. DNA was extracted from ten seedlings and five male and female plants using CTAB method. Eight primers, six RAPD and two ISSR primers were examined for their validation in sex determination of date palm genotypes. PCR amplification was performed using these primers. Four RAPD primers OPA02, OPJ-09, RD A02 and RD A21 were amplified male specific band with size of 1000, 1100, 1000 and 1400 pb respectively, while ISSR markers could not. The specific bands were observed clearly among all male genotypes and absent in female samples unknown samples irrespective of genotypes. Our results could be useful for sex determination of date palm sex in seedling stage and would promote date palm cultivation and production.
Ismail A. Mohammed, Fatima M. Osman, Rania S. Elsanousi, Sayeda O. Elhoweiris and Seif M. Gasim
Jojoba cultivation and production face the challenge of establishing ways to identify the sex at early stage of plant growth. The present study was carried out to identify sex of jojoba at the seedling stage under Sudan condition. Two DNA markers, ISSR (UBC807) and RAPD (OPG-5), were used for sex identification of jojoba genotypes: two known male and females genotypes and four unknown genotypes. ISSR marker, UBC807 was successfully amplified a unique male-specific band at 1200 bp, while RAPD marker, OPG-5 could not amplify a unique band within jojoba sex. The result clearly indicates that ISSR-UBC807 marker can be used for sex identification of jojoba at seedlings stage, a finding that could make the commercial cultivation and production of jojoba possible in Sudan.