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  • Author: Ionescu Gabriela-Mariana x
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Abstract

The study intends to deliver a logical analysis of the well-known (and too much used) model of rationality named homo œconomicus. To this end, it is put into evidence the reductionism of the model (more, its cartesianism and mechanicism), by logically assessing the basic principle and the axioms and, also, the relaxations introduced over time. The paper gets the conclusion that economists tried successively to save the homo œconomicus model over time, but all these attempts did nothing but block the developments of the economic theory. Finally, the research organizes into a diachronic matrix the different ways in which economists actualized the genuine model in order to put it in line with the actual behaviour of the economic subject.

Abstract

Generally, social justice has two sides which are intercorrelated and inter-dependend: a) constitutive social justice (for example, the so called commutative social justice); b) regulative social justice (for example, the so called distributive social justice). The paper approaches the regulative social justice, more exactly, an automatic mechanism to get it. To this end, an automatic stabilizer to provide distributive social justice, according to the Rawlsian principle of difference. Such an automatic stabilizer is grounded on the wealth, more precise, on the share of the wealth which is not invested in order to benefit to the more disadvantaged class of the society. Paper does not test empirically the proposal, such a propose remaining for next intervention in this publication.

Abstract

The infectious risk in the dental practice, including in the orthodontic practice, represents a real danger for both the medical team (orthodontic specialist, dental nurse and dental technician), but also for the patient. But, dental orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics is a specialty in the field of dentistry with a special content and special instruments and, therefore, by conducting this study, even if it is only preliminary, we set out to highlight a succession of concepts, the objective being to familiarize the specialists in orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics with certain rules with theoretical and practical character, which aim to prevent and combat the infectious risk in orthodontic practice.

Abstract

The infectious risk in the dental practice, including in the orthodontic practice, represents a real danger for both the medical team (orthodontic specialist, dental nurse and dental technician), but also for the patient. But, dental orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics is a specialty in the field of dentistry with a special content and a special instruments and, therefore, by conducting this study, even if it is only preliminary, we set out to highlight a succession of concepts, the objective being to familiarize the specialists in orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics with certain rules of theoretical and practical character, which aim to prevent and combat the infectious risk in orthodontic practice.

Abstract

Background. Shared decision making (SDM) is becoming more and more important for the patient-physician interaction. There has not been a study in Romania evaluating patients’ point of view in the SDM process yet. Therefore, the present study aims to evaluate the psychometric parameters of the translated Romanian version of SDM-Q-9.

Material and methods. A multicentric cross-sectional study was performed comprising eight recruitment centers. The sample consisted of in- and outpatients who referred to Hospital Units for treatment for atrial fibrillation or collagen diseases. Furthermore, patients who were members of Autoimmune Disease Patient Society were able to participate via an online survey. All participants completed the Romanian translated SDM-Q-9.

Results. Altogether, 665 questionnaires were filled in within the hospital setting (n = 324; 48.7%) and online (n = 341; 51.3%). The Romanian version had good internal consistency (Cronbach α coefficient of 0.96.) Corrected item correlations were good ranging from 0.64 to 0.89 with low corrected item correlations for item 1 and item 7. PCA found a one-factorial solution (similar with previous reports) but the first item had the lowest loading.

Conclusion. SDM-Q-9 is a useful tool for evaluation and improvement in health care that was validated in Romania and can be used in clinical setting in this country.