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  • Author: Ionela Pașcanu x
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Open access

Cota Ancuța-Elena, Căpraru Oana-Maria and Pașcanu Ionela

Abstract

Introduction: Amiodarone (AMI), a class III anti-arrhythmic drug, is associated with a number of side effects, including thyroid dysfunction (both hypo- and hyperthyroidism), which is due to amiodarone's high iodine content and its direct toxic effect on the thyroid. Objective: To evaluate the incidence of Amiodarone induced thyrotoxicosis (AIT) (type, rate of occurrence) and to identify the risk factors involved in its occurrence. Material and method: We examined patients treated with amiodarone, between January 2002 and December 2011, who presented to our Department of Endocrinology Târgu Mures for thyroid dysfunctions. Results: The retrospective study included 87 patients with thyroid dysfunctions; 58 (66.7%) patients had AIT and 29 (33.3%) had Amiodarone induced hypothyroidism (AIH). In the AIT group: 35 were women (60.3%), 23 were men (39.7%); the average age was 61.60 ± 12.39 years. Risk factors identified for the AIT group were male gender (RR = OR = 3.8; Chi-squer = 5.7, p = 0.004) and pre-existing thyroid abnormalities (RR = 2.5, Chi-square = 4.1, p = 0.005). The thyroid dysfunction occurrence was heterogeneous (0.2-183 months). The patients with previous thyroid abnormalities developed earlier thyroid dysfunction compared to those with an apparently normal thyroid gland (22.25 ± 4.14 months versus 32.09 ± 7.69 months, p = 0.02, T test). Conclusion: In the context of the specific iodine geoclimatic intake and the area of origin, amiodarone - induced thyroid dysfunction spectrum is dominated by thyrotoxicosis. Screening and monitoring of thyroid function for patiens under chronic amiodarone treatment is necessary

Open access

Raluca-Monica Pop, Radu Mircea Neagoe, Melinda Kolcsar and Ionela Paşcanu

Abstract

Background: Neurofibromatosis type 1 is an autosomal dominant disorder associated with multiple neoplasms particularly those of ectodermal origin. Various endocrine pathologies are often present, among them, hyperparathyroidism and follicular thyroid lesion are very rare described and their coincidence in the same patient has not been described in the literature reviewed.

Subject: A 59-years-old woman with clinical manifestation of neurofibromatosis type 1 developed dysphagia, dysphonia, choking sensation. Physical and imagistic examination revealed a multinodular goiter with microfollicular lesion on fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB), elevated parathormone levels and severe osteoporosis. The surgically removed thyroid contained a nodule with follicular architecture of uncertain malignant potential; the parathyroid tissue appeared normal.

Discussion and conclusion: This case serves as a reminder to look for non-neurogenic tumors in patients with neurofibromatosis. Clinicians must be aware of the diverse clinical features of this genetic disorder.

Open access

Ionela Pașcanu, Claudia Banescu, Simona Huțu, Horea Gozar and Radu Neagoe

Open access

Iulia Armean, Raluca Pop, Iuliana Gherlan and Ionela Pașcanu

Abstract

Objective: The objective of this study was to analyze the performance of 2 stimulation tests used in the diagnosis of growth hormone deficiency.

Method: A retrospective study was conducted on a non-random sample of 310 patients, between 2 and 20 years old, who were hospitalized in the Mureș County Hospital’s Endocrinology Department and in the National Institute of Endocrinology C.I. Parhon with short stature between 2009-2015. Inclusion criteria: all subjects who underwent growth hormone stimulation tests in accordance with the national protocol. Microsoft Office Excel was used for data collection and MedCalc v 12.5 was used for statistical analysis.

Results: From the total of 310 patients, 102 were diagnosed in Târgu Mureș and 208 in Bucharest. Sex ratio favored boys (boys:girls 1.64:1). In 173 subjects growth hormone deficiency was confirmed. For both tests the percentage of maximum response was the highest for the 60 minutes blood sample regardless if the test were positive or not. Both tests have 100% sensitivity and negative predictive value, with the highest specificity for the 60 minutes clonidine and 30 minutes insulin. The false positive rate was 60% for the insulin test and 27.2% for clonidine for Târgu Mureș sample and 86.9% for the insulin test and 62.5% for clonidine for Bucharest sample. The concordance of the 2 tests was 49.36%.

Conclusions: Stimulating growth hormone testing has a number of limitations but is still needed in some auxological circumstances. We recommend performing the clonidine test first to exclude idiopathic short stature and then the insulin tolerance test for the diagnosis of growth hormone deficiency.

Open access

Radu Mircea Neagoe, Daniela Tatiana Sala, Ionela Paşcanu, Septimiu Voidazan and Radu Moldovanu

Abstract

Background. Secondary hyperparathyroidism (sHPT) is frequently encountered in patients on hemodialysis (HD) for end stage renal disease (ESRD). In spite of improved medical therapy, parathyroidectomy is still frequentely indicated for patients with medically refractory secondary and tertiary hyperparathyroidism. The aim of this study is to analyse the impact of parathyroidectomy, regardless of the surgical procedure, on perioperative and follow-up clinical symptoms and biochemistry tests. Material and method. We studied 29 patients who underwent parathyroidectomy for sHPT due to ESRD, at the Second Department of Surgery, Emergency Mures County Hospital, between February 2010 and May 2013. Outcome parameters included symptoms relieving (bone pains, pruritus, etc) and laboratory data (intact parathyroid hormone (iPth), total calcium and phosphorus, serum alkaline phosphatase (AlkPhos), hematocrit and hemoglobin), assesed before, shortly after and then at short-medium term follow-up. Results. The majority of our patients had significant improvement of the symptoms during the follow-up period. The iPTH values considerably decreased after the operation. The postoperative calcemia mean value decreased and we have identified statistically significant differences between the monthly calcemia average values (p-0.008). The mean phosphorus level in the first 2 postoperative months decreased significantly (p-0.001) and we recorded statistically significant decreases (p-0.0007) in AlkPhos level after the operation. Both hematocit and hemoglobin levels experienced a statistical significant growth in the follow-up period. Persistent HPT was encountered in two patients (6.89%), and we had 8 patients who developed mild hypocalcaemia in the first month after the operation (“hungry bones” syndrome). We had few minor and transient postoperative complications and we did not encountered postoperative mortality in our series. Conclusions. Parathyroidectomy, regardless of the technical procedure, is feasible, safe and effective for patients with refractory secondary and tertiary hyperparathyroidism.

Open access

Gasparik Andrea Ildiko, Mihai Gabriela and Paşcanu Ionela Maria

Abstract

Sarcopenia, or age-related muscle loss is emerging as a major public health concern. A reduced quality of life (QoL) due to impaired physical performance associated with this disease has been evidenced in these individuals. Generic instruments, such as Short Form 36 questionnaire (SF-36), do not accurately assess the impact of sarcopenia on QoL. SarQol (Sarcopenia Quality of Life) questionnaire, was the first disease-specific questionnaire addressing quality of life in patients with sarcopenia and has been recently designed for providing a global picture on quality of life in community-dwelling elderly subjects aged 65 years and older. Our aim was the translation and cultural adaptation of the original SarQol, to finally obtain a highly reliable instrument for the assessment of the quality of life of Romanian patients, affected by sarcopenia. We followed the recommended process, the international protocol of translation. The pretest process involved 20 subjects (10 sarcopenic and 10 non sarcopenic with different educational and socioeconomic backgrounds) who were asked to complete the questionnaire. Feedbacks were requested from all subjects regarding the clearness of questions, difficulties in completing the test or understanding the meaning of questions. Using the recommended best practice protocol for translation, the pre-final version is comparable with the original instrument in terms of content and accuracy. After the validation of psychometric properties, it should be a useful tool to assess Quality of Life and sarcopenia among elderly romanian patients.

Open access

Tatiana Daniela Sala, Simona Mureşan, Ramona Roman, Alexandra Lazăr, Răzvan Ion and Ionela Paşcanu

Abstract

Introduction

A hypercalcaemic crisis, also called para thyrotoxicosis, hyper parathyroid crisis or parathyroid storm, is a complication of primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) and an endocrinology emergency that can have dramatic or even fatal consequences if it is not recognised and treated in time.

Case presentation

Two cases presented in the emergency department with critical hypercalcaemic symptoms and severe elevation of serum calcium and parathyroid hormone levels, consistent with a hypercalcaemic crisis. The first case, a 16-year-old female patient, had imaging data that highlighted a single right inferior parathyroid adenoma and a targeted surgical approach was used. The second case, a 35-year-old man was admitted for abdominal pain, poor appetite, nausea and vomiting. Laboratory tests revealed severe hypercalcaemia, hypophosphatemia and an increased serum iPth level. There was no correlation between scintigraphy and ultrasonography, and a bilateral exploration of the neck was preferred, resulting in the exposure of two parathyroid adenomas. The patients were referred for surgery and recovery in both cases was uneventful

Conclusion

These cases support the evidence that surgery remains the best approach for patients with a hypercalcaemic crisis of hyperparathyroidism origin, ensuring the rapid improvement of both the symptomatology and biochemical alterations of this critical disease.

Open access

Neagoe Radu Mircea, Mureşan Mircea, Văcar Smaranda, Hossu Ioan, Paşcanu Ionela, Borda Angela and Sala Daniela

Abstract

Secondary hyperparathyroidism (sHPT) occurs most commonly in the setting of chronic renal failure (CRF) being frequently referred to as “renal” hyperparathyroidism The “classical” medical treatment with oral calcium and vitamin D supplementation is generally sufficient to lower parathyroid hormone levels in the majority of these patients. However, we frequently encounter cases of severe refractory sHPT, a state in which even recently available therapeutic agents, i.e. calcimimetics, new phosphate binders, vitamin D analogues, remain inefficient, thus parathyroidectomy and/or renal transplant becoming necessary. Three types of surgeries have been proposed in sHPT: two of them are grouped as remnant-conserving techniques, i.e. subtotal parathyroidectomy (sPtx) and total parathyroidectomy with autotransplantation (tPtx+AT), the third one being total parathyroidectomy without autotransplantation (tPtx). There was a continuous debate concerning the best surgical approach in renal hyperparathyroidism, starting very soon after those techniques were described; without pretending to solve these controversies, this paper aims to review the surgical treatment options in sHPT, based on our 5-year experience in dealing with the disease.

Open access

Ancuța Elena Zahan, Adela Nechifor Boilă, Ionela Pașcanu, Septimiu Voidăzan, Ramona Cătană, Andreea Fișus and Angela Borda

Abstract

Background: Papillary thyroid microcarcinoma (PTMC) defines a group of papillary thyroid carcinomas, incidentally discovered, measuring 1 cm or less. The aim of our study was to evaluate the incidence and the pathological characteristics of PTMCs in our institution in the last 25 years, with special emphasis on the prognostic factors related to PTMCs. Material and methods: We performed a retrospective, cohort study on 255 PTMCs, registered in the Department of Pathology, Tîrgu-Mureş Emergency County Hospital between 1990 and 2014. Results: A significant increase in the incidence of PTMCs was observed in the 2004-2014 period, compared to 1990-2003 (7.6%, 229 PTMCs/3005 thyroid specimens vs. 1.2%, 23 PTMCs/1885 thyroid specimens). Conventional PTMCs accounted for most of PTMC cases (n=123 cases, 48.2%), followed by the follicular variant of PTC (n=117 cases, 45.9%). The increasing incidence of PTMCs was associated with a significant increase in the routine number of blocks sampled per case over the study period (R2 =0.72, p < 0.001). By means of the univariate and multivariate analysis, three risk factors were predictive for extrathyroidal extension in PTMCs: multifocality (Odds ratio [OR] 4.97, p-0.002), tumor size ≥ 5mm (OR 8.97, p-0.008) and lymph node involvement (OR 17.66 p<0.005). Conclusion: The incidence of PTMCs has revealed a significant increasing trend in our institution over the last 25 years. Multifocality, lymph node involvement and tumor size ≥ 5mm were found to be risk factors for extrathyroidal extension. These prognostic factors must be evaluated and clearly mentioned in the pathological report, to help a correct estimation of biological potential of the lesion and an appropriate postoperative management.