Over 1200 new publications have appeared in Romania since the fall of communism. Some of them don’t exist anymore, but there always appear new ones. The Romanian newspaper market comprises about 1500 publications most of which appear on a weekly basis and 200 daily newspapers. Television is the most familiar source of information. The radio landscape has changed considerably - similar to the television - since 1990. Besides the public broadcaster offering several programs, there are over 150 private local radio stations and various other channels. Despite the diversity of the Romanian press, we cannot yet speak of a completely free press (see the report of the Freedom House organization). The limitations of media freedom and freedom of speech are related to media ownership, but also with gaps in the national legislation. This study aims to contribute to the advancement in the conceptualization of qualitative journalism by proposing to analyze different situations of failure in investigative journalism and identifying factors that conduct to limitation of media freedom.
Teodora Serban, Iulia Satulu, Ioana Cretu, Oana Vutcanu, Mihaela Milicescu and Mihai Bojinca
Background: Osteoarthritis (OA) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) can overlap and the presence of OA can interfere with the evaluation of patients with RA.
Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the possible impact of OA on the clinical, laboratory and ultrasound parameters currently evaluated in patients with early RA (ERA).
Methods: We have evaluated the data obtained from patients with ERA referred to our Early Arthritis Research Center (EARC). Only data from patients who fulfilled EULAR/ ACR 2010 criteria for RA and had symptom duration of less than 12 months were analyzed. All patients underwent clinical examination, laboratory tests and ultrasound (US) examination.
Results: There was a clear predominance of women (62.8%). The mean age was 55.47±13.71 years. At baseline, 21 patients (48.8%) were diagnosed with OA. Hand OA did not influence the values of any of the parameters assessed (p>0.05). For patients with knee OA, significantly higher values were observed only for DAS28 at baseline (p=0.018) as well as after 12 months of observation (p=0.031).
Conclusions: Significantly higher values of DAS28 were observed in patients with ERA who associated knee OA, while the values of SDAI were not influenced, suggesting that SDAI may be superior to DAS28 in evaluating patients with ERA and knee OA. The values of patient’s VAS were not influenced by the presence of hand or knee OA suggesting that these types of OA do not influence the patients’ perception of the disease activity. Moreover, the values of ultrasound scores were not influenced by the presence of OA.
Elena-Daniela Grigorescu, Mariana Floria, Cristina Mihaela Lăcătușu, Bogdan Mircea-Mihai, Ioana Creţu, Alina Delia Popa, Alina Onofriescu, Irina M. Jaba, Victoriţa Șorodoc, Alexandr Ceasovschih and Laurenţiu Șorodoc
Aim. Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) are in a bidirectional relationship. This prospective study focused on associations between parameters common to the pathogenesis of insulin resistance, inflammation and hepatic steatosis in T2DM patients with metabolic imbalance.
Methods. We used clinical data, insulin resistance and inflammation indices, and hepatic steatosis markers from 120 patients.
Results. The patients (44% men, mean age 58) had a mean body mass index (BMI) of 32 kg/m2 and mean T2DM history of 6 years. With exceptions, significant correlations were found between metabolic, inflammatory and hepatic parameters.
Conclusions. In T2DM patients with poor glycemic control, hepatic steatosis correlates significantly with insulin resistance and inflammation. Increased prevalence and poor prognosis of these diseases together justify the need for NAFLD screening of diabetic patients.