Ioana Mihaiela Ciuca, Liviu Laurentiu Pop, Alexandru Florin Rogobete, Monica Marc, Liviu Athos Tamas and Florin George Horhat
Background: Pulmonary infectious inflammation is a major cause of decline in lung function in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) marked by exacerbations, consequently, slowing evolution of lung disease is a primary aim in CF management. The objective of the study was to analyze the microbiological spectrum from epidemiological point of view in our patients. Methods: An observational, cross-sectional transversal study including fifty-seven patients evaluated the prevalence of CF-related microbes in the study group and their pulmonary status. Results: The most frequent microorganism found in our group, regardless age, was Staphyloccocus aureus, closely followed by Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Bacillus tuberculosis was a rare germ, despite the important frequency in our country. The microbes frequency was different with age groups, thus 3.5% of 1-3 years old children had the methicillin sen sitive Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) strain, while for the 6-12 years group, Pseudomonas aeruginosa was found in an equal percentage of 14% with MSSA. Pseudomonas prevalence was found in 14.0% of adults and the combined infections were diagnosed in about a fifth of our patients. Conclusions: We concluded that the percentage of respiratory infections with redoubtable microbes is relatively moderate. The presence of underweight among CF patients with severe mutations are risk factor for a worse outcome and measures should be instituted.
Liviu-Laurențiu Pop, Mihaela Dediu, Iulian Velea, Mirela Mogoi and Ioana M. Ciuca
Cystic fibrosis related diabetes (CFRD) is a redoubtable complication associated to cystic fibrosis, with an increasing frequency, directly proportional to children life expectancy. Although this complication has similar features with DM type 1 and some with type 2, the evolution and even the response to insulin therapy is different. It is also possible that other factors to influence the CFRD clinical expression and subsequently the disease evolution. Since its 1t diagnosis was associated with more frequent pulmonary exacerbations and with the deterioration of the respiratory status, therefore CFRD must be early and correctly diagnosed and managed. The aim of this paper is to present an overview of the recent updates and recommendations regarding this important CF complication.
Ana Antoaneta Bobia, Oana Alexandra Blaj, Denis Oancea, Bagiu Iulia-Cristina, Bagiu Radu-Vasile, Horhat Delia-Ioana, Laurentiu Pirtea, Silvia Matinca, Amel Isaq and Ioana Ciuca
Background. Beta hemolytic streptococcus (BHS) represents a worldwide health problem because of the complications that can occur. Thus, it is important to identify the presence and type of BHS in time to start treatment if needed, avoiding the complications.
Aim. Our aim was to identify the prevalence of Beta Hemolytic Streptococcus in a Children’s Tertiary Care Hospital in Timisoara.
Methods. A cross-sectional study was conducted from April-June 2018 in Emergency Hospital for Children Timisoara. The study lot consists from 1100 children, ages between 0-18 years, which were not given, in the preceding two weeks, any antibiotics. We compared the study with two studies from different cities in Nepal, with the same subject as ours. Group A and Group C Streptococci were identified by beta hemolytic colonies, bacitracin sensitivity, catalase negativity test and latex agglutination test (Oxoid Streptococcal Grouping kit). ASO (Antistreptolysin O) test was also performed from serum samples, for patients with positive cultures. We also tested the antibiotic sensitivity to: Cefepime, Clindamycin, Erythromycin, Tetracycline.
Results. The prevalence of BHS (Beta Hemolytic Streptococcus), especially GABHS (Group A Beta Hemolytic Streptococcus) was 4%, in children from a tertiary care hospital in Timisoara, Romania; which is comparable to the findings of similar studies. In the first study, the prevalence of GABHS was 7.2%, and in the second study was 9%. The patients with positive cultures were also tested for ASO, 28 patients (52%) had high levels, while 26 (48%) had normal levels. On all positive patients an antibiogram was made and we observed that most of the isolates were sensitive to the antibiotics used. A few isolates in Group A were resistant.
Conclusions. Considering the limited data found on our subject, further epidemiological studies on streptococcal disease complex are needed.