One of the ways to increase natural gas production is to conserve and/or intensify existing wells with their subsequent development. They are characterized by a high content of highly mineralized water, which leads to an increased risk of hydrate formation and internal corrosion. The issue of the formation of gas hydrates in industrial pipelines, which is a major problem for the exploitation of industrial gas pipelines, requires considerable attention to be made to exclude emergency situations. The main task of the study – to determine the effect of hydrates on the corrosion of the pipeline in order to prevent emergencies. A technique for studying the effect of hydration on the corrosion of pipelines has been developed. The combined analysis of the corrosion behavior of pipe material in aggressive media of chloride type was done. According to the results of corrosion-mechanical tests, regularities of joint action of mechanical stresses, concentration of chlorides and hydrate formation on the speed and localization of corrosion processes are established.
In the period of shortage of gas supply, special attention is given to reducing the supply of gas to its consumers, that is, their complete and uninterrupted gas supply. Increasing gas losses associated with technological transportation costs, in particular caused by gas flow instability and frequent changes in gas transmission network operating modes. Considering losses due to unreliability of gas pumping is one of the important tasks of gas supply optimization. The purpose of the study is to develop an optimization mathematical model that will simultaneously take into account the factors of reliability and minimum lossesIn the general case, the optimization calculations of the modes of operation of the main gas pipelines are intended to solve three main problems: determining the maximum productivity, calculating the optimal mode with a given productivity and choosing the optimal strategy, the development of the pipeline. On the basis of approaches of simulation modeling of complex systems, a multi-parameter mathematical model of gas supply process optimization was developed. It is shown that a comparative analysis of the forecast and actual indicators of the operating modes of the plunger gas pumping unit shows their satisfactory convergence. The performance of the compressor operation period in the process of injection according to the forecast deviates from the actual value for the whole period of operation of the plunger gas pumping unit in 2016 by 2.98%. The optimization problem of gas pumping planning is considered, taking into account the expected losses, on the basis of which the transfer of the controlled system from the initial state to the final one is carried out by such a sequence of states that minimizes the total cost of the system evolution.