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Radmila Sousedíková, Jaroslav Dvořáček and Igor Savič

Abstract

The paper takes into account applications of discriminate analysis as regards prediction of future economic development of companies. An assumption of multivariate normality of discriminators has been tested and outliers identified. An outlier reduction of original data files brings data distribution closer to multivariate normality, and substantially improves discriminate function classification abilities

Open access

Nataša Janjić, Darko Kapor, Dragan Doder and Igor Savić

Abstract

The aim of the research was to provide an analytical expression for the final time and velocity at the 100 m run, taking into account realistic conditions of the run, more precisely the effect of the wind and resistance of the medium (air). Combining the polynomial model for the distance vs time with the solution of the algebraic cubic equation, such an analytical expression was derived. The expression allowed to evaluate the dependence of the final time of the race on the wind velocity. This enabled the quantification of the time effect of the mentioned influences on the final time and velocity. It is possible to calculate the dependence of the sprinter’s velocity on expired running time for various wind velocities (from 0 up to ± 10 m/s) as well as determine the maximal running velocity vmax and corresponding time moment tmax. The results obtained were verified using split time data for six top sprinters: C. Lewis, M. Green, U. Bolt and F. Griffith-Joyner, E. Ashford and H. Drechsler. The results confirmed that it was possible to quantify the time effect of the influence of the wind velocity and resistance of the medium on the final time of the 100 m run. Although the applicability of the approach was tested using the data concerning top sprinters, the mathematical expressions involved are simple enough to be used by any coach to estimate the results of a sprinter under various weather conditions.

Open access

Jaroslavav Dvořáček, Elena V. Martyaková, Ilona V. Kochura, Radmila Sousedíková and Igor Savič

Abstract

This paper focuses on looking for factors that influence the income of deep coal mining operations in Ukraine. The method of discriminate analysis was employed for assessing economic success of the operations. It could be concluded that mining-geological conditions are the most significant cause of influence; the human factor is of lesser importance.

Open access

Igor Stojanov, Ivan Pavlović, Ivan Pušić, Jasna Prodanov-Radulović, Radomir Ratajac, Doroteja Marčić and Božidar Savić

Abstract

The aim of our study was to determine whether and to what extent certain species of helminths and protozoa are present in the wild boar population living in hunting grounds in Vojvodina. For this purpose, 52 faecal samples of hunted wild boars (aged 6 months to 2 years) were examined. Examination of the faeces was performed using classical coproscopic laboratory methods. The following parasite species were identified: Metastrongylus spp. Ascaris suum, Trichuris suis, Physocephalus sexalatus, Strongyloides ransomi, Oesophagostomum sp. / Globocephalus sp., Hyostrongylus rubidus, Gnathostoma hispidum, Eimeria deblecki and Eimeria suis. The obtained results from this study indicated that wild boars are a potential reservoir of a variety of endoparasites, thus endangering the surrounding ecosystem.

Open access

Lidija Savic, Igor Mrdovic, Milika Asanin, Sanja Stankovic, Gordana Krljanac and Ratko Lasica

Abstract

Background: A significant proportion of patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) have multivessel coronary artery disease (MVD), and they are at high risk for recurrent cardiac events. The aim of the present study was to analyze the impact of MVD on long-term cardiovascular mortality in STEMI patients treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI). Method: This study included 3,115 consecutive STEMI patients hospitalized in the Coronary Care Unit of the Clinical Centre of Serbia, between November 2005 and January 2012. Patients were divided in two groups: MVD and no MVD. MVD disease was defined as stenosis greater than 50% by visual assessment in more than one major coronary artery. Primary PCI was limited to the infarct-related artery (IRA). Cardiovascular mortality was defined as any death from cardiovascular reason (myocardial reinfarction, low-output heart failure, and sudden death). Patients presenting with cardiogenic shock were excluded. Patients were followed-up for 6 years after enrollment. Results: Among 3,115 analyzed patients, 1,352 (43.4%) patients had no MVD and 1,763 (56.6%) had MVD; among patients with MVD, 926 (52.6%) had two-vessel disease and 837 (47.4%) had three-vessel disease. Compared with patients with single-vessel disease, patients with MVD were older, had longer pain duration, and presented more often with heart failure; they were more likely to have previous coronary artery disease, diabetes, hypertension, and chronic kidney disease; post-procedural flow TIMI <3 was more frequently observed in patients with MVD than in patients with no MVD (5.9% vs. 3.1%, p <0.001). Patients with MVD had lower left ventricular ejection fraction than patients with single-vessel disease: 45% (interquartile range [IQR] 40¬–55%) vs. 50% (IQR 43–55%), p <0.001. Revascularization of non-IRA lesions was performed at index hospitalization in 1,075 (61%) patients, and in 602 (34.1%) patients revascularization was performed in the first few months after pPCI (median 1.5 months, IQR 1–2.5 months); coronary artery bypass grafting was performed in 291 (18.4%) patients and PCI (with stent implantation) in 1,368 (81.6%) patients. Six-year cardiovascular mortality was significantly higher in patients with MVD than in patients with single-vessel disease (10.4% vs. 4.6%, p <0.001). In multivariate Cox regression analysis, MVD remained an independent predictor for 6-year cardiovascular mortality (HR 1.55, 95% CI 1.11–2.06, p = 0.041). Conclusion: In STEMI patients treated with pPCI, the presence of MVD remained an independent predictor for higher long-term cardiovascular mortality despite early revascularization of the remaining stenosis in non-IRA.