The global economic system and the world crisis are a reality, and hence the challenge for modern economic theory, which is to provide a valid response to its development and overcoming the crisis. The prevailing economic theory and methodology (neo-liberal paradigm) in this field demonstrates serious defects, so this paper attempts to show that the relative nature of economic theory is in expressing the social prejudices of its time. Demystification of the ideological and political foundations of what is today considered "objective knowledge" in the economy, is only possible with the affirmation of a new scientific methodology of economics, i.e. the new philosophy of economics. The aim of the paper is to stimulate thinking and different views on this subject.
Nautical tourism is one of the fastest growing tourism segments on the Montenegrin part of the Adriatic coast. In the past ten years, the number and size of reception capacities in Montenegrin nautical tourism has increased by more than twice. The construction of three marinas with over 500 berths is under way, expected to be on the market by the end of 2019. The development of this tourism segment has been more the result of individual investment projects, than an outcome of strategic development processes. There has been no destination support to the development, and staff needed for new product introduction and positioning have not been trained. According to current development plans, the formation of nautical tourist offer on the Montenegrin coast in nautical tourism ports and related activities of charter companies and service centers are expected to provide over 1000 jobs. The aim of this paper is to analyze the current situation and planned activities within Montenegrin nautical tourist offer and consider the current staff training programmes for the needs of the respective development, with reference to experiences of the most developed destinations, to provide guidelines and recommendations aimed at creating appropriate staff support as the basis for the future comparative advantage of Montenegro on the international nautical tourism market. The paper will rely on general methodological principles applied to the specific research subject. The main scientific research methods to be used in the paper are: inductive-deductive, analytical, synthetic, and statistical methods.
R&D expenditures (R&D) are an important precondition for the economic growth and development, as well as for the improvement of export performances and competitiveness of national economies. Knowledge has been increasingly identified as the primary factor of economic growth in the modern business environment. In order to outline appropriate policy on R&D expenditures, it is necessary to analyse indicators of the dynamics and quality of R&D expenditures as well as indicators regarding growth and development of national economies. In this paper, we present R&D expenditures of old and new EU Member States as well as Serbia. Based on the correlation intensity of indicators of R&D expenditures and economic growth and export, it’s been analysed if R&D intensity has an impact on competitiveness and growth in mentioned countries since 2000. Although Serbia has implemented significant economic reforms since 2000 and there has been an overall awareness of the need on higher R&D, the R&D sector still lags behind developed countries of the EU. Therefore, this paper directs attention to the importance of identifying and implementing a national policy on R&D expenditures, with special focus on necessity for improved R&D funding of the business sector and growth of R&D funding from abroad.
Jelena Krunić, Irena Mladenović, Aleksandra Žuža, Igor Radović and Nikola Stojanović
Pain control, during and after root canal treatment is one of the important issues in endodontic practice. Occurrence of pain after intervention often presents considerable distress to both patient and dentist. In many studies influence of different endodontic treatment factors on incidence of postoperative pain has been investigated. However, different and inconsistent results between studies and growth in number of published papers each year made professional updating and clinical-decision making challenging. Systematic reviews synthesized and combined data from relevant studies to find the answer to a research question providing the highest level of scientific evidence. Thus, their use may facilitate decision making in clinical practice. The aim of this article was to present results from systematic reviews about the influence of endodontic treatment on postoperative pain.