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  • Author: Idzi Siatkowski x
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Abstract

Summary The main estimation and hypothesis testing results are presented for experiments conducted in proper block designs. It is shown that, under appropriate randomization, these experiments have the convenient orthogonal block structure. Because of this, the analysis of experimental data can be performed in a comparatively simple way. Certain simplifying procedures are introduced. The main advantage of the presented methodology concerns the analysis of variance and related hypothesis testing procedures. Under the adopted approach one can perform them directly, not by combining results from intra-block and inter-block analyses. Application of the theory is illustrated by three examples of real experiments in proper block designs. This is the first of a projected series of papers concerning the analysis of experiments with orthogonal block structure.

Summary

The main estimation and hypothesis testing procedures are presented for experiments conducted in nested block designs of a certain type. It is shown that, under appropriate randomization, these experiments have the convenient orthogonal block structure. Due to this property, the analysis of experimental data can be performed in a comparatively simple way. Certain simplifying procedures are indicated. The main advantage of the presented methodology concerns the analysis of variance and related hypothesis testing procedures. Under the adopted approach one can perform these analytical methods directly, not by combining the results from analyses based on stratum submodels. The application of the presented theory is illustrated by three examples of real experiments in relevant nested block designs. The present paper is the second in the planned series concerning the analysis of experiments with orthogonal block structure.

Summary

The main estimation and hypothesis testing procedures are presented for experiments conducted in row-column designs of a certain desirable type. It is shown that, under appropriate randomization, these experiments have the convenient orthogonal block structure. Due to this property, the analysis of experimental data can be performed in a comparatively simple way. Relevant simplifying procedures are indicated. The main advantage of the presented methodology concerns the analysis of variance and related hypothesis testing procedures. Under the adopted approach one can perform these analytical methods directly, not by combining results from analyses based on some stratum submodels. Practical application of the presented theory is illustrated by four examples of real experiments in the relevant row-column designs. The present paper is the third in the projected series of publications concerning the analysis of experiments with orthogonal block structure.

Summary

This paper provides estimation and hypothesis testing procedures for experiments in split-plot designs. These experiments have been shown to have a convenient orthogonal block structure when properly randomized. Due to this property, the analysis of experimental data can be carried out in a relatively simple manner. Relevant simplification procedures are indicated. According to the adopted approach, the analysis of variance and hypothesis testing procedures can be performed directly, rather than by combining the results of analyses based on some stratum submodels. The practical application of the presented theory is illustrated by examples of real experiments in appropriate split-plot designs. The present paper is the fourth in the planned series of publications on the analysis of experiments with orthogonal block structure.

Abstract

Textbooks have played the leading role in academic education for centuries and their form has evolved, adapting to the needs of students, teachers and technological possibilities. Advances in technology have caused educators to look for new sources of knowledge development, which students could use inside and outside the classroom. Today’s sophisticated learning tools range from virtual environments to interactive multimedia resources, which can be called e-textbooks. Different types of new educational materials that go beyond printed books are now used to support the academic curriculum, with the most interesting ones exemplified in this article to show their value in medical and life sciences education. Certain interesting attempts by Polish publishers at applying technology to support both self-paced and tutor-paced student learning in the medical profession and related areas are presented. The data was collected through a review of literature, discussions with e-learning specialists and medical students, as well as an analysis of examples of good practices. The article also discusses the results of a countrywide survey on the use of e-textbooks to enhance medical education. The research investigates the targeted academic staff’s attitudes towards the use of e-textbooks, the limitations of their implementation, and the character of e-resources currently used by Polish higher education medical institutions.

Summary

For over 2.5 million dairy cows subject to assessment in Poland in 2005–2010, gestation length was analyzed. This trait follows a normal distribution, and it was found that the acceptable upper limit of gestation length for the Montbéliard and Simental breeds was 306 days, this being significantly different from other breeds. For the remaining dairy cattle breeds the value was 298 days. For cows with gestation length exceeding these limiting values, parentage control would be advisable.

Abstract

This paper concerns methods of choosing appropriate models for longitudinal studies. Attention is paid to three criteria: the marginal Akaike Information Criterion (mAIC), the conditional Akaike Information Criterion (cAIC), and the corrected conditional Akaike Information Criterion (ccAIC). We consider these criteria based on an example concerning the effect of storage time and addition of flaxseed (Linum usitatissimum L.) preparations (i.e. ground flaxseeds, defatted flaxseed meal and flaxseed ethanolic extract) on changes in lipid oxidation and fatty acid composition during the storage of liver pâté with partial substitution of fat with flax oil.