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  • Author: I.S. Yahia x
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Abstract

Herein, we are reporting, for the first time, a microwave-assisted synthesis of lead iodide (PbI2) nanosheets (NSs) with codoping of Zn and Mn, confirmed by SEM/EDX. In the co-doping Mn concentration was kept at a constant level (i.e. 15 %) while Zn concentration was varied from 1 wt.% to 10 wt.%. The morphological analysis confirming presence of the dopant was done through SEM/EDX. The single phase and polytypic nature of NSs were established by XRD and FT-Raman examinations. Homogeneous doping of Mn and Zn in prepared PbI2 NSs was confirmed by SEM mapping analysis. The dielectric and electrical properties were measured by preparing a compact pellet of NSs at 49820 Pa pressure. The dielectric constant and electrical conductivity were enhanced by Zn:Mn co-doping in PbI2. The radiation activity was tested by cesium-137 (137Cs) radioactive source and its increase resulting from the doping was observed. The enhanced properties suggest that the prepared NSs may be useful in electro-optic and radiation detection device applications.

Abstract

Herein, we report a successful development of nano-scale pure and Al and Mn co-doped PbI2 using facile microwaveassisted route. Structural study was done through X-ray diffraction analysis of grain size, dislocation density and lattice strain. The crystallite size was found to vary from 28 nm to 40 nm due to Al:Mn co-doping in PbI2. The presence of various vibrational modes was confirmed by FT-IR spectroscopy and red shifting was observed in peak positions compared to the bulk. Surface morphology, examined using a scanning electron microscope, confirmed the formation of single crystal nanosheets of a thickness in the range of 10 nm to 30 nm. The single crystal nanosheets were found to be transformed to large area nanosheets due to the doping. Enhancement in dielectric constant from ~7.5 to 11 was observed with increasing Al doping concentration. Linear attenuation coefficient was calculated and showed the enhancement of blocking gamma rays with increasing doping concentration. Its value was found to increase from 7.5 to 12.8 with the doping. The results suggest that the synthesized nanostructures can be used for detection and absorption of gamma rays emitted by 137Cs and 241Am sources.