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N. Moulay, M. Ameri, Y. Azaz, A. Zenati, Y. Al-Douri and I. Ameri

Abstract

The full potential linear-muffin-tin-orbital method within the spin local density approximation has been used to study the structural, electronic, magnetic and thermodynamic properties of three multiferroic compounds of XFeO3 type. Large values of bulk modulus for these compounds have been obtained, which demonstrates their hardness. The calculated total and partial density of states of these compounds shows a complex of strong hybridized 3d and 4d states at Fermi level. The two degenerate levels eg and t2g clearly demonstrate the origin of this complex. We have also investigated the effect of pressure, from 0 GPa to 55 GPa, on the magnetic moment per atom and the exchange of magnetic energy between the ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic states. For more detailed knowledge, we have calculated the thermodynamic properties, and determined heat capacity, Debye temperature, bulk modulus and enthropy at different temperatures and pressures for the three multiferroic compounds. This is the first predictive calculation of all these properties.

Open access

D. Bensaid, M. Ameri, M. El Hanani, Y. Azaz, D. Bendouma, Y. Al-Douri and I. Ameri

Abstract

Structural, electronic and optical properties of MgxCd1−x Se (0 ≤ x ≤ 1) are calculated for the first time using density functional theory. Our results show that these properties are strongly dependent on molar fraction of particular components — x. The bond between Cd and Se is partially covalent and the covalent nature of the bond decreases as the concentration of Mg increases from 0 % to 100 %. It is found that MgxCd1−x Se has a direct band gap in the entire range of x and the band gap of the alloy increases from 0.43 to 2.46 eV with the increase in Mg concentration. Frequency dependent dielectric constants ɛ1(ω), ɛ2(ω) refractive index n(ω) are also calculated and discussed in detail. The peak value of refractive indices shifts to higher energy regions with the increase in Mg. The larger value of the extraordinary refractive index confirms that the material is a positive birefringence crystal. The present comprehensive theoretical study of the optoelectronic properties of the material predicts that it can be effectively used in optoelectronic applications in the wide range of spectra: IR, visible and UV. In addition, we have also predicted the heat capacities (CV), the entropy (S), the internal energy (U) and the Helmholtz free energy (F) of MgxCd1−x Se ternary alloys.

Open access

K. Bidai, M. Ameri, I. Ameri, D. Bensaid, A. Slamani, A. Zaoui and Y. Al-Douri

Abstract

First-principles density functional theory calculations have been performed to investigate the structural, elastic and thermodynamic properties of rubidium telluride in cubic anti-fluorite (anti-CaF2-type) structure. The calculated ground-state properties of Rb2Te compound such as equilibrium lattice parameter and bulk moduli are investigated by generalized gradient approximation (GGA-PBE) that are based on the optimization of total energy. The elastic constants, Young’s and shear modulus, Poisson ratio, have also been calculated. Our results are in reasonable agreement with the available theoretical and experimental data. The pressure dependence of elastic constant and thermodynamic quantities under high pressure are also calculated and discussed.