Time boundaries and landscape change: collective farms 1947-1994
The paper explores time boundaries in landscapes on the example of collectivization of Estonian agriculture after the Second World War. It argues that changing political regimes leave their imprint also in landscape, causing temporal boundaries. These temporal boundaries work as screens that influence our understanding of the past landscapes. The paper explores the "transparency" of these boundaries in the context of landscape change and continuity and tries to explain the essence of landscape change, combining different approaches to landscape.
The interface between Marx and Brussels. Editorial
The editorial introduces papers mostly presented at the 22nd session of the biennial Permanent European Conference for the Study of the Rural Landscape (PECSRL) in the sub-theme Interface between Marx and Brussels. The title of the Conference was European Rural Future: Landscape as an Interface and it was held from 4th-9th of September 2006 in Berlin and Hubertusstock, Brandenburg, Germany. The place and time were liminal as European Union (EU) accession included eight post-communist states on 1st of May 2004. The papers that make up this twin special issue address the interface between the East/West and the past/future each uniquely.
Helen Sooväli-Sepping, Egle Kaur and Hannes Palang
Imaginary Landscapes-or is the Truth out there? Dynamics in Landscape Representations in Relation to ‘Real’ Landscapes on Saaremaa Island, Estonia
The emergence of a particular future landscape, among the numerous potential landscapes, depends on policy options, on prevailing attitudes in society, and on cultural values. This is particularly the case for the countries that have recently joined the European Union-specifically the implementation of new policies has changed the function of the rural countryside significantly. In an empirical illustrative case we discuss the change in values on landscape and the conflicting attitudes to landscape in the society on Saaremaa Island (Estonia) in the 20th century. As a background explanation we present the dynamics of the physical landscape and explore the reasons for changes. We then move on to multiple perspectives of how the landscape has been represented in the past as well as today and perceived by different interest groups. Based on that, we finally argue that landscape representations differ from the physical landscape and discuss whether contemporary landscape policy decisions support the actual situation or rather the historical visual imagery.
Anu Printsmann, Hannu Linkola, Anita Zariņa, Margarita Vološina, Maunu Häyrynen and Hannes Palang
In the aftermath of what was then the Great War several European countries like Finland, Estonia and Latvia gained independence, marking their centenary jubilees 2017–2018. This paper observes how landscapes were used in anniversary celebrations and what historical themes were foregrounded and which omitted, revealing how collective historical commemoration in landscape enacts within national identity framework depending also on how landscape is understood in each respective country.