Hyojeong Choi, Han Soo Kim, Joon-Ho Oh, Dong Jin Kim, Young Soo Kim, Jong-Seo Chai and Jang Ho Ha
Microstructural, optical and electrical properties of Cl-doped CdTe crystals grown by the low pressure Bridgman (LPB) method were investigated for four different doping concentrations (unintentionally doped, 4.97 × 1019 cm−3, 9.94 × 1019 cm−3 and 1.99 × 1020 cm−3) and three different locations within the ingots (namely, samples from top, middle and bottom positions in the order of the distance from the tip of the ingot). It was shown that Cl dopant suppressed the unwanted secondary (5 1 1) crystalline orientation. Also, the average size and surface coverage of Te inclusions decreased with an increase in Cl doping concentration. Spectroscopic ellipsometry measurements showed that the optical quality of the Cl-doped CdTe single crystals was enhanced. The resistivity of the CdTe sample doped with Cl at the 1.99 × 1020 cm−3 was above 1010 Ω.cm.
Dong Jin Kim, Joon-Ho Oh, Han Soo Kim, Young Soo Kim, Manhee Jeong, Chang Goo Kang, Woo Jin Jo, Hyojeong Choi, Jong Guk Kim, Seung Hee Lee and Jang Ho Ha
TlBr single crystals grown using the vertical Bridgman-Stockbarger method were characterized for semiconductor based radiation detector applications. It has been shown that the vertical Bridgman-Stockbarger method is effective to grow high-quality single crystalline ingots of TlBr. The TlBr single crystalline sample, which was located 6 cm from the tip of the ingot, exhibited lower impurity concentration, higher crystalline quality, high enough bandgap (>2.7 eV), and higher resistivity (2.5 × 1011 Ω·cm) which enables using the fabricated samples from the middle part of the TlBr ingot for fabricating high performance semiconductor radiation detectors.
Jae-Myung Lee, Jung-Kwan Seo, Myung-Hyun Kim, Sang-Beom Shin, Myung-Soo Han, June-Soo Park and Mahen Mahendran
In this paper, different evaluation methods of Hot Spot Stresses (HSS) have been applied to four different welded structure details in order to compare them and to illustrate their differences. The HSSs at failure-critical locations were calculated by means of a series of finite element analyses. There was good overall agreement between calculated and experimentally determined HSS on the critical locations. While different methods and procedures exist for the computation of the structural hot-spot stress at welded joints, the recommendations within the International Institute of Welding (IIW) guideline concerning the ‘Hot Spot Stress’ approach were found to give good reference stress approximations for fatigue-loaded welded joints. This paper recommends and suggests an appropriate finite element modeling and hot spot stress evaluation technique based on round-robin stress analyses and experimental results of several welded structure details.
Zamin S. Siddiqui, Jung-Il Cho, Sung-Han Park, Taek-Ryoun Kwon, Gang-Seob Lee, Mi-Jeong Jeong, Kyung-Whan Kim, Seong-Kon Lee and Soo-Chul Park
Phenotyping of rice (Oryza sativa L. cv. Donggin) in salt stress environment using infrared imaging was conducted. Results were correlated with the most frequently used physiological parameters such as stomatal conductance, relative water content and photosynthetic parameters. It was observed that stomatal conductance (R2 = -0.618) and relative water content (R2 = -0.852) were significantly negatively correlated with average plant temperature (thermal images), while dark-adapted quantum yield (Fv/Fm, R2 = -0.325) and performance index (R2 = -0.315) were not consistent with plant temperature. Advantages of infrared thermography and utilization of this technology for the selection of stress tolerance physiotypes are discussed in detail.