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  • Author: H.-J. Ahn x
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K. Yoon and J.-H. Ahn

Abstract

In this study, we examined the effect of Ga-doping and mechanical alloying in MgB2 on microstructural and phase evolution. A comparison was made between in-situ and ex-situ processed Mg-B-Ga samples. Densification was markedly improved by ex-situ sintering of ball-milled MgB2+Ga. The Ga-doping and ball-milling prior to sintering resulted in the formation of impurity phases such as MgO, Ga5Mg2 and Ga2O3. Lattice parameter of MgB2 increased with increasing ball-milling duration as well as by Ga-doping.

Open access

J.H. Hong, X.J. Liu, D.K. Park, K.W. Kim, H.J. Ahn and I.S. Ahn

Abstract

With the increasing demand for efficient and economic energy storage, tin disulfide (SnS2), as one of the most attractive anode candidates for the next generation high-energy rechargeable Li-ion battery, have been paid more and more attention because of its high theoretical energy density and cost effectiveness. In this study, a new, simple and effective process, mechanical alloying (MA), has been developed for preparing fine anode material tin disulfides, in which ammonium chloride (AC), referred to as process control agents (PCAs), were used to prevent excessive cold-welding and accelerate the synthesis rates to some extent. Meanwhile, in order to decrease the mean size of SnS2 powder particles and improve the contact areas between the active materials, wet milling process was also conducted with normal hexane (NH) as a solvent PCA. The prepared powders were both characterized by X-ray diffraction, Field emission-scanning electron microscopeand particle size analyzer. Finally, electrochemical measurements for Li/SnS2 cells were takenat room temperature, using a two-electrode cell assembled in an argon-filled glove box and the electrolyte of 1M LiPF6 in a mixture of ethylene carbonate(EC)/dimethylcarbonate (DMC)/ethylene methyl carbonate (EMC) (volume ratio of 1:1:1).

Open access

M.C. Oh, H. Seok, H.-J. Kim and B. Ahn

Abstract

The objective of the present research is to develop a novel lubricant for Al-Cu-Mg P/M alloy and to address the effects of the lubricant and compaction pressure on sintered properties. A lubricant mixture consisting of Ethylene Bis Stearamide, Zn-Stearate, and fatty acid was newly developed in this study, and the de-lubrication behavior was compared with that of other commercial lubricants, such as Ethylene Bis Stearamide, Zn-Stearate, and Al-Stearate. Density and transverse rupture strength of sintered materials with each lubricant were examined, respectively. The microstructural analysis was conducted using optical microscope.

Open access

B.-R. Koo, J.-W. Bae and H.-J. Ahn

Abstract

We fabricated double-laminated antimony tin oxide/Ag nanowire electrodes by spin-coating and electrospraying. Compared to pure Ag nanowire electrodes and single-laminated antimony tin oxide/Ag nanowire electrodes, the double-laminated antimony tin oxide/Ag nanowire electrodes had superior transparent conducting electrode performances with sheet resistance ~19.8 Ω/□ and optical transmittance ~81.9%; this was due to uniform distribution of the connected Ag nanowires because of double lamination of the metallic Ag nanowires without Ag aggregation despite subsequent microwave heating at 250°C. They also exhibited excellent and superior long-term chemical and thermal stabilities and adhesion to substrate because double-laminated antimony tin oxide thin films act as the protective layers between Ag nanowires, blocking Ag atoms penetration.

Open access

J. Park, K.H. Jung, G.A. Lee, M. Kawasaki and B. Ahn

Abstract

In this study, a continuously casted ZK60A magnesium alloy (Mg-Zn-Zr) was extruded in two different extrusion ratios, 6:1 and 10:1. The evolution of precipitates was investigated on the two extruded materials and compared with that of as-casted material. The microstructural analysis was performed by electron backscatter diffraction and transmission electron microscopy, and the compositional information was obtained using energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. Several distinct morphologies of precipitates were observed, such as dot, rod, and disk shaped. The formation mechanisms of those precipitates were discussed with respect to the heat and strain during the extrusion process.

Open access

M. Kawasaki, H.-J. Lee, M.C. Oh and B. Ahn

Abstract

Flow behavior of a ZK60A magnesium alloy after continuous casting and subsequent extrusion was examined in tension at a range of strain rates of 3.0×10−6 − 1.0×10−2 s−1 at temperatures of 473-623K. The results demonstrated that the alloy exhibited a maximum elongation of ~250% at 523K when tested at an initial strain rate of 1.0×10−5 s−1 and strain rate sensitivity, m, of ~0.3-0.4 and the activation energy of ~94 kJ/mol were calculated under the testing conditions. The detailed investigation suggested that the high temperature flow of the ZK60A alloy having submicrometer grains demonstrates quasi-superplastic flow behavior controlled by a dislocation viscous glide process.