Segments containing diamond particles are fixed to replaceable inserts or to steel tool bodies for cost-effectiveness. The joining technology used should meet both environmental and technical requirements. The joining zone is subjected to high mechanical and significant thermal loads during use. In the event of an improper joint, the segments may detach from the base and fly away causing injury. Nowadays, many methods of welding or brazing are used to fix diamond segments. Among the possible segment fixing technologies, laser beam welding has been investigated. The microstructure of the joints has been examined by optical and scanning electron microscopy and chemical element maps have been recorded. Joints have been subjected to fracture and hardness testing. The mechanical properties and composition changes of the joints with different joining technologies have been evaluated and compared.
The technological advantages of ultrasonic welding: (no requirement for filler metal; use of small electrical transient resistance contacts; ability to weld thin materials to thick materials) results in a helium-solid weld seam; the computer configuration of the welding parameters can easily be solved; clean and safe workflow (no sparks, flame or smoke); can be integrated into the production line. This article deals with some of the additional application features of this welding process.
For the joining of two metallic components of different material quality, different methods of welding or soldering techniques are used. In this case, these two material qualities are given by the segments containing diamond particles, and thin-walled steel tube. In our previous paper we analysed welded joints with two different kinds of laser sources. In this paper we extend the previous investigations with the analysis of capacitor discharge welded and flame soldered samples. We examine the microstructure of the joints and record the chemical element maps to determine if alloying was formed. Joints are also subjected to fracture and hardness testing. This investigation shows that the applied joining technology meets the increased technical requirements because the joining zone must bear high mechanical and significant thermal loads during usage.