Influence of waste liquors of mildronate production on yield and quality of winter rapeseed
The effect of mother liquors obtained in one production stage of the popular medicinal preparation Mildronate on yield and quality of winter rape (Brassica napus L.) grown for biofuel was tested. The mother liquors contain quaterine-type compounds, which are known to stimulate growth of lupines. In the three-year study, Mildronate mother liquors were sprayed on winter rape. The yield and fat content of rape was determined. Mother liquor contains small amounts of methyl acrylate. However, this compound was not found in rapeseed, stalks and soil. Mother liquors spray had a positive effect on soil microorganisms. In the period from initiation of flowering to maximum flowering stage, spraying with mother liquors, as well as with quaterine-M and isopropanol (basic substance of mother liquor), in most cases had a low (around 10%) positive effect on rape yield and a very small impact on the fat content in rape grain. The effects differed among years, suggesting interaction with weather conditions. The determined optimal mother liquors dosages were quite wide, from 0.4 to 10 L ha-1.