Der Beitrag analysiert zunächst die Bedeutung des Ordo-Gedankens nach dem deutschen Nationalökonom Walter Eucken, dem Begründer des Ordoliberalismus der Freiburger Schule. Danach werden, im Anschluss an die Denkschrift des Freiburger Bonhoeffer-Kreises, die Rolle und die normative Dimension des christlichen Glaubens für das Denken Euckens sowie für seine ordnungsökonomischen und ordnungspolitischen Auffassungen untersucht. Dabei wird auch auf die Konvergenz zwischen Euckens Ordoliberalismus und der christlichen Sozialethik eingegangen.
Tractatus de contractibus shows that there are mainly three fundamental economic views that characterize the originality and the acuteness of Olivi’s thought: a subject-based theory of value, a theory of just price, and the theoretical-systematic use of the concept of capital. Olivi’s distinction between simply sterile money and fertile, lucrative money – called capitale (capital) – is central. His – at that time – revolutionary thought challenges the theory of money as a mere means of exchange; he acknowledged the legitimacy of trade and the added value (valor superadiunctus) of capital. Thus, he allowed a price as compensation or as remuneration for the owner’s foregone use of the capital. This is not a mere scholastic subtlety, but it is a serious attempt to grasp different phenomena with different concepts.
This paper portrays the contribution of Wilhelm Röpke (1899-1966) to business ethics and social responsibility of entrepreneurs. First, Röpke’s critique of liberalism and his concept of social market economy are emphasized. Afterward, we analyze the normative foundations of Röpke’s concept of the entrepreneur. He called for the moral responsibility of business actors and perceived it as “moral capital.” Moreover, we discuss the relevance of Röpke in the contemporary context of international business practice. Finally, the role of entrepreneurial morality for the emergence of institutional frameworks for international business is discussed.
Gian Franco Veraldi, Luca Mezzetto, Lorenzo Scorsone, Marco Macrì, Fabio Simoncini and Giuseppe Lippi
The identification of patients at higher risk of developing percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA)-related complications is pivotal for achieving better clinical outcomes. We carried out a single-center, observational, retrospective study to explore whether in-hospital changes of red blood cell distribution width (RDW) may help predicting early development of PTA-related complications.
The study population consisted of all consecutive patients who underwent PTA for severe peripheral artery occlusive disease (PAOD) during a 2-year period. RDW was measured at hospital admission and discharge, and the delta was calculated. Patient follow-up was routinely performed 1-month after hospital discharge, and was based on thoughtful medical assessment and arterial ultrasonography. The control population consisted of 352 ostensibly healthy subjects.
The final PTA group consisted of 224 patients. Hemoglobin was lower, whilst mean corpuscular volume (MCV) and RDW were higher in PAOD cases than in controls. Overall, 11 PAOD patients (4.9%) developed clinically significant PTA-related complications 1-month after hospital discharge. Patients who developed 1-month PTA-related complications had lower hemoglobin concentration, but higher RDW and delta RDW than those who did not. Patients with delta RDW >1 had 60% higher risk of developing 1-month PTA-related complications and 88% higher risk of developing early reocclusion. Overall, RDW exhibited an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.68 and 0.74 for predicting 1-month PTA-related complications and early reocclusion, respectively.
The results of this study suggest that RDW may play a role for guiding the clinical decision making of PTA patients immediately after hospital discharge.
Simone Ribero, Eugenio Sportoletti Baduel, Matteo Brizio, Franco Picciotto, Emi Dika, Maria Teresa Fierro, Giuseppe Macripò and Pietro Quaglino
Metastatic extraorbital sebaceous carcinoma is a rare event that could involve the head and neck. The treatment of choice for the initial stage of the disease is surgery and/or radiotherapy. The treatment of recurrent or advanced disease is still controversial.
Material and methods
Extensive literature search was done, and the treatment options are discussed.
Results. The literature search found several treatment modalities in use for the treatment of metastatic extraorbital sebaceous carcinoma. Electrochemotherapy was not included in the reported treatments. We used this technique for a man of 85 years old with a recurrent and locally metastatic extraorbital sebaceous carcinoma of the scalp. During the period of 8 months, two sessions of electrochemotherapy were employed, which resulted in an objective response of the tumour and good quality of life.
Electrochemotherapy has shown to be a interesting tools for treatment of metastatic extraorbital sebaceous carcinoma when other radical options are not available or convenient.