Zhi Gang Wu, Yan Rong Jia, Jian Wang, Yang Guo and Jian Feng Gao
Core-shell SiO2/Ag composite spheres with dense, complete and nanoscaled silver shell were prepared by using a novel facile chemical reduction method without surface modification of silica at room temperature. The core-shell composites were characterized by X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), UV-Vis spectroscopy and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX). The photocatalytic properties towards the degradation of methyl orange (Mo) of the prepared SiO2/Ag composites were also tested. The studies showed that the surface of SiO2 microspheres was homogeneously and completely covered by Ag nanoparticles and the composite exhibited excellent photocatalytic activities. The possible reaction mechanisms for the formation of the silica-silver core-shell spheres were also discussed in this paper.
Wei Zhang, Yanjun Liu, Huaqing Luo, Gang Xue and Jian Zhang
In this paper, a floating-buoy wave energy converter using hydrostatic transmission system is studied. The entire work progress of wave energy power generation device is introduced, and the hydraulic transmission principles are emphasized through the simulation to verify the feasibility of design principle of hydraulic transmission system. The mathematical model of the accumulator is established and applied in the AMEsim simulation. The simulation results show that the accumulator plays an important role in the wave power hydraulic transmission system and that the correct configuration of accumulator parameters can improve the rapidity and stability of the system work. Experimental results are compared with the simulation results to validate the correctness of the simulation results. This would provide a valuable reference to the optimal design of wave power generation.
Chen Zhang, Fangxu Chen, Zhixin Ling, Gang Jian and Yuanliang Li
Microstructure and dielectric properties of La2O3 doped Ti-rich barium strontium titanate ceramics, prepared by solid state method, were investigated with non-stoichiometric level and various La2O3 content, using XRD, SEM and LCR measuring system. With an increase of non-stoichiometric level, the unit cell volumes of perovskite lattices for the single phase Ti-rich barium strontium titanate ceramics increased due to the decreasing A site vacancy concentration V″A. The unit cell volume increased and then decreased slightly with the increasing La2O3 content. Relatively high non-stoichiometric level and high La2O3 content in Ti-rich barium strontium titanate ceramics contributed to the decreased average grain size as well as fine grain size distribution, which correspondingly improved the temperature stability of the relative dielectric constant. The relative dielectric constant єrRT, dielectric loss tanδRT and the maximum relative dielectric constant єrmax decreased and then increased with the increasing non-stoichiometric level. With the increase of La2O3 doping content, the relative dielectric constant єrRT increased initially and then decreased. The maximum relative dielectric constant єrmax can be increased by applying low doping content of La2O3 in Ti-rich barium strontium titanate ceramics due to the increased spontaneous polarization.
Jian-xian Cai, Xu Zhou, Zhen-ling Pan, Peng-gang Gao, Yu-xin Luo and Zi-xian Lin
Based on the simplified fish motion model, a robot fish which could detect the oil leakage point of pipeline was designed by the method of single-joint driving. The Hawkeye OV7725 was used to design the image acquisition module to obtain the current movement of the fish and the current pipeline situation and the collected data was processed for making the relevant decisions to achieve the direction of movement control with the STM32 microcontroller. On the basis of binarization image centroid method, the image recognition algorithm was studied. By using the coordinates of the white point in the two-dimensional array, a linear regression equation which can reflect the distribution trend of the white point in a frame image was designed and the motion direction of the current robot could be detected. Since the linear regression equation converge to the characteristics of discrete data points, the oil leakage point inside the white area of the image could be detected. Experiment results showed that the robot fish can effectively complete the oil spill point detection task.
Gang Xue, Yanjun Liu, Muqun Zhang, Wei Zhang, Jian Zhang, Huaqing Luo and Rui Jia
Hydrofoil is widely used in underwater vehicle for the excellent hydrodynamic characteristics. Currently, researches are mostly about the rigid hydrofoil while the flexible hydrofoil, like the caudal fin, has not been studied adequately. In this paper, the fish was regarded as the bionic object. Then the kinematics model to describe the fish swimming was put forward. A fin-peduncle propulsion mechanism was designed based on the kinematics model to achieve the similar sine curve swimming model. The propulsion mechanism was optimized by Matlab to reduce the deviation between the output curve of the fin-peduncle propulsion mechanism and the ideal motion trajectory. Moreover, the motion phase angles among flexible articulations are optimized to reduce fluid resistance and improve propulsive efficiency. Finally, the fish-like hydrofoil oscillation is simulated by fluid-solid coupling method based on the Fluent. It was shown that the optimized flexible fish-like oscillation could generate the motion that follows the similar law of sine. The propulsive efficiency of oscillating hydrofoil propeller is much higher than that of the screw propeller, and the flexible oscillation has higher propulsive efficiency than the rigid oscillation without obvious fluid resistance increase.