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  • Author: Florina Violeta Anghelina x
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Florina Violeta Anghelina and Dan Nicolae Ungureanu

Abstract

The structural transformations occurring at tempering for some high-speed steels are a subject of research for which have been dedicated numerous studies. More complex compositions of the high-speed steels were direct consequence of the complexity of structural transformations which occur during heat treatment. On the other hand, current tendency in energy requires maximum efficiency and rational use of heating sources used in industry. Thus, only a precise knowledge of the kinetics of transformations occurring at tempering can be a basis for optimizing this treatment. Although cobalt is used for a long time as an alloying element, though relatively recently it was considered important to the properties of rapid steel. These circumstances, combined with the lack of quantitative information on the kinetics transformation at tempering operation treatment for some steel has led to this paper. The thickness of the studied samples is 5 mm and was taken from the annealed steel bars. These samples were subjected to hardening and tempering treatment in salts bath. Heating for hardening was performed in two steps, at 5500C and 8300C. Austenitizing was done at 12000C, during 120 seconds. The cooling was done up to 5300C in salts bath, with a keeping of 15 seconds, and then air cooling was done. On these samples were carried out, HRC Rockwell hardness measurements, and X-ray diffraction analysis.

Open access

Dan Nicolae Ungureanu, Daniela Avram, Nicolae Angelescu, Adrian Catangiu, Florina Violeta Anghelina and Veronica Despa

Abstract

In this paper is presented a comparative study regarding the synthesis of hydroxyapatite powders. The chosen method of synthesis of this biomaterial was chemical co-precipitation. The structure, size and morphology of the obtained powders were analyzed by X-ray diffraction, infrared spectroscopy - FTIR, dynamic light diffusion DLS tehnique and scanning electron microscopy-SEM. The results obtained were compared with those obtained on a commercial hydroxyapatite powder. Investigation methods have confirmed the synthesis of a high purity hydroxyapatite with a optimal degree of crystallization and crystallinity for the reconstruction and regeneration of hard tissue.

Open access

Elena Valentina Stoian, Maria Cristiana Enescu, Vasile Bratu, Carmen Otilia Rusanescu and Florina Violeta Anghelina

Abstract

Non/oriented electrical sheets are sheets tailored to produce specific properties and are produced from Fe-Si or Fe-Si-Al alloys. Non-oriented electrical steel sheets are incorporated into a wide range of equipment, from the simplest domestic appliances to hybrid and pure electric vehicles. In studying about the magnetic, there have a lot of method can be used for the different experiment requirement such as measuring magnetic flux, nominal loss and other objectives.

During electrical steel processing, there are usually small variations in both chemical composition and thickness in the hot-rolled material that may lead to different magnetic properties for the same steel grade. Therefore, it is of great importance to know the effects of such variations on the final microstructure and magnetic properties of these steels. The purpose of this work was to study microstructural changes of the bands investigated during processing occurring siliceous strips with non-oriented grains. The second aim was to study the influence of grain size on the total magnetic losses at 1.0 T and 1.5 T. Materials 10 rolls intended to be processed into quality electrical steel M400-50A (according to EN 100027-1) were analyzed with metallographic microscope Neophet 32 and the magnetic characteristics was made with Epstein frame according IEC 6040/4-2, with an exiting current frequency of 50Hz at 1.5T and 1.0T induction after aging treatment of 225°C for 24 hours. Sample for light microscopy observation were prepared by polishing and etching in 5% Nital.

Open access

Vasile Bratu, Aurel Gaba, Elena Valentina Stoian and Florina Violeta Anghelina

Abstract

This article presents different solutions to reduce natural gas consumptions of the aluminum melting furnaces, through recovery of the heat from flue gases. In order to be able to analyze the recovery solutions, a mathematical model for energy balance of these furnaces was adapted. This mathematical model allows drawing up energy balances together with the main working technique and economical parameters of these types of furnaces, in actual conditions, and the same, under optimizing conditions, by applying recovery solutions.

The mathematical model which can elaborate energy balances for aluminum melting furnaces, was transposed in M. Excel based software, where the quantification of different solutions for natural gas consumption saving is possible. One of the applications of this computer software for an aluminum melting furnace, either for actual working conditions or per upgraded furnace by use an air pre-heater, materials pre-heater, or a regenerative burner system, is presented in this article.