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  • Author: Florina Vasilescu x
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FEGHIU Adrian, CRÎNGANU Dan, DUMITRESCU Florin, PASCAL Manuela, VASILESCU Florina and MILITARU Manuella

Abstract

A two-year old Jack Russell Terrier female with left-sided epistaxis was brought to the Clinic of the Bucharest Faculty of Veterinary Medicine. Endoscopy of the left nasal cavity revealed a cauliflower-like mass. Cytological and histopathological features were specific to canine transmissible venereal tumour (CTVT). Tumor tissue showed positive immunoreactivity to anti-vimentin monoclonal antibody (90%) and Ki67 (35%) and samples were negative for anti-cytokeratin monoclonal antibody. Chemotherapy with vincristine sulphate at a dose of 0.025 mg/kg i.v./week for 6 administrations was successful. This paper presents a primary form of nasal CTVT in a Jack Russell Terrier female.

Open access

Daniel Vasile Balaban, Alina Popp, Acs Beata, Florina Vasilescu and Mariana Jinga

Abstract

Background. Celiac disease (CD) is significantly underdiagnosed, despite significant efforts made in the last decades to increase its diagnostic rate. This has lead to a high need for developing new diagnostic strategies. Our aim was to evaluate the diagnostic performance of two routine hematologic indices for CD. Methods. In a prospective observational study, 34 newly diagnosed CD patients, 34 age-sex matched controls with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and 16 treated CD patients were assessed regarding the differences in mean lymphocyte count (LY), red blood cell distribution width (RDW) and their ratio (RDW/LY). Results. Elevated RDW (>14) and lymphopenia (<1.5 x 10e9/L) were more frequently seen in newly diagnosed CD patients compared to IBS control group and treated CD patients. Newly diagnosed CD patients had significantly higher mean values of RDW/LY - 10.09, compared to 7.72 in the CD-treated group and 6.79 in IBS controls (p<0.01). Subgroup analysis revealed that RDW/LY was higher in patients with destructive histology (Marsh≥3a), 10.54 vs. 7.99. For a value over 7, RDW/LY had a sensitivity of 88.24% (95% CI 72.55-96.70%) and AUROC of 0.785 (95% CI 0.683- 0.887). Conclusions. RDW/LY ratio is a widely available tool which could be used routinely in clinical practice for CD screening.

Open access

Mihaela Anton, Theodora Militaru, Denise-Ani Mardale, Roxana Diaconu, Camelia Maximeasa, Florina Vasilescu, Cezar Beţianu, Ioana Ștefănescu, Ruxandra Jurcuţ and Ciprian Jurcuţ

Abstract

Erdheim-Chester syndrome, a non-Langerhans histiocytosis, is a very rare disease, in the present approximately 500 cases being reported in literature. It is characterized by the histiocytic infiltration of various organs and systems, therefore clinical signs and symptoms are miscellaneous. Despite that, there are a few patognomonic elements that help recognizing the disease: symmetrical involvement in the long bones of the lower limbs, bilateral perirenal infiltration (“hairy kidneys”) and circumferential aortic infiltration (“coated aorta”). However, in order to confirm the diagnosis, biopsy is required, histopathologic examination revealing “foamy” histiocytes. Currently, interferon alpha serves as the first line of treatment, most literature data showing that it might improve survival rate in patients diagnosed with Erdheim-Chester syndrome.