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  • Author: Ferenc Szilágyi x
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Abstract

The study examines the performance of the Visegrád countries and Romania. As an indicator of innovation performance, we used the number of researchers measured from the active population. Due to the large variations in the size of the administrative-territorial units, the use of this ratio seems more adequate than using absolute values. The innovation indicator and the other indicators used are included in the analysis database in a regional breakdown. All indicators have an overview map of the entire large region for the purpose of establishing the territorial profile. In the course of the statistical investigation, each indicator was individually compared to the innovation index.

Abstract

The aim of this study is to conclude the experiences of the maintenance practice of an artificial thermal lake. The first years (2015-2017) of the development of the lake were analysed and evaluated along the following questions: a) What kind of design processes and maintenance interventions are related to the process of fitting the lake into the landscape? b) How have the ecological conditions of the lake evolved in the past period (zonation, succession, plantation and colonization)? c) Which general experiences could be gained from the operation of this artificial thermal lake this far? The authors of the present study were already engaged in the planning process, participating in the preparation of four different design documentations. The planting design and the maintenance instructions were based on a physico-chemical monitoring, phytoplankton, zooplankton and macroinvertebrate sampling, and machrophyte assessment. The significant processes during the three years of the lake are presented by functional groups of biota, separately assessing the characteristics of the changes of macrophytes. In 2017 an individual macroinvertebrate assessment was done, moreover a fish die-off occurred in August 2017, which are mentioned separately as well. The data in total suggested that the water of the lake is highly hypertrophic, further machrophyte introduction can prevent the plant nutriments to be absorbed by algae. Partly the algal growth but also the unlucky coincidence of other factors (e.g. high water temperature, cold weather front, maintenance problems) led to the die-off of the spontaneously overpopulated fish stock in 2017.

Abstract

QT interval prolongation on the electrocardiogram is considered a precursory sign for imminent, potentially lethal ventricular arrhythmias. Beside the inherited condition of long QT syndrome, numerous drugs, certain electrolyte disturbances and early transmural ischemia have been identified to induce reversible prolongation of the QT interval, collectively called as acquired long QT syndrome. Herein we describe a case of a patient with transient QT prolongation and Takotsubo cardiomyopathy, a rather infrequent cause of long QT development. Serial changes of the repolarization pattern were documented to demonstrate progression and resolution of the abnormal QT interval.