F. Pastorek, K. Borko, S. Dundeková, S. Fintová and B. Hadzima
Large number of mechanical and chemical surface pretreatment techniques is actually used on steels in industrial practice. Choosing the right combination of these technologies is one of the most important tasks for many applications. The purpose of this research was to evaluate the influence of selected mechanical surface preparation methods (grinding, sandblasting) on the quality and electrochemical corrosion characteristics of S355J2 steel before and after the final chemical surface treatment by the technology of manganese phosphating. The surface morphology of the formed phosphate layer was evaluated by a scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and the cross section analysis was performed by a light metallographic microscopy. 0.1M Na2SO4 solution simulating aggressive industrial pollution was selected for electrochemical corrosion tests. Impact evaluation of various mechanical and chemical surface treatments on the corrosion properties of the tested steel was realized by potentiodynamic polarization tests (PD) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) using the Tafel analysis and equivalent circuits method respectively. The obtained results proved that sandblasting negatively affected the corrosion resistance of S355J2 steel and subsequently created manganese phosphate layer.
J. Drábiková, F. Pastorek, S. Fintová, P. Doležal and J. Wasserbauer
Magnesium and its alloys are perspective bio-degradable materials used mainly due to their mechanical properties similar to those of mammal bones. Potential problems in utilization of magnesium alloys as bio-materials may relate to their rapid degradation which is associated with resorption problems and intensive hydrogen evolution. These problems can be eliminated by magnesium alloys surface treatment. Therefore, this work aims with analysis of the influence of fluoride conversion coating on corrosion characteristics of magnesium alloy. Unconventional technique by insertion of wrought magnesium alloy AZ61 into molten Na[BF4] salt at temperature of 450 °C at different treatment times was used for fluoride conversion coating preparation. The consequent effect of the coating on magnesium alloy corrosion was analyzed by means of linear polarization in simulated body fluid solution at 37 ± 2 °C. The obtained results prove that this method radically improve corrosion resistance of wrought AZ61magnesium alloy even in the case of short time of coating preparation.
Nowadays a large number of mechanical surface treatments of constructions materials is used in industry, mainly focusing on steel surface treatment. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of mechanical surface pre-treatment (grinding and shot peening) on corrosion resistance of high strength low alloy Domex 700 steel. Suitable mechanical surface treatment can by used for surface homogenization (eg. grinding) or for improvement of mechanical, strength and fatigue properties (shot peening). 0,1M NaCl solution of ambient temperature was used as an environment for electrochemical tests. Evaluation of the mechanical surface treatment effect on corrosion resistance of Domex 700 steel surface was realized by electrochemical tests: potentiodynamic polarization tests (using Tafel analysis) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (using equivalent circuit). From the obtained results it is possible to conclude, that the process of mechanical surface treatment by shot peening at choosen conditions has negative effect on corrosion resistance of Domex 700 steel.
D. Kajánek, B. Hadzima, F. Pastorek and M. Neslušan Jacková
The contribution is focused on the preparation of coating based on the dicalcium phosphate-dihydrate (DCPD) on the surface of ZW3 magnesium alloy. For the preparation of the coating a cathodic electrodeposition technique called Large Amplitude Sinusoidal Voltammetry (LASV) was used. The DCPD layer was prepared at the temperature of 22 ± 2 °C in electrolyte composed of 0.1M Ca(NO3).4H2O, 0.06 M NH4H2PO4 and H2O2. Electrochemical characteristics were evaluated by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) in 0.1M NaCl solution. The obtained data in form of Nyquist plots were analysed by the equivalent circuit method. It is clear from the measured values of polarization resistance Rp that dicalcium phosphate-dihydrate (DCPD) layer prepared by LASV electro-deposition technique improved corrosion resistance of ZW3 alloy in the chosen environment.
Kamil Borko, F. Pastorek, Jacková M. Neslušan, S. Fintová and B. Hadzima
The actual industrial trend is focused on weight reduction of constructions while preserving strength properties. For this purpose, conventional steel are replaced by high strength steels.. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of mechanical surface pre-treatment on corrosion resistance of high strength low alloy steel Domex 700 before and after surface treatment by manganese phosphating. Tested environment was 0,1M NaCl solution. Evaluation of mechanical pre-treatment and phosphating effects on corrosion resistance was realized by electrochemical measurements: potentiodynamic polarization measurements (Tafel analysis) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (equivalent circuits). From resulsts it is possible to conclude, that creation of manganese phosphate layer on ground and shot peened steel surface significantly increases the corrosion resistance of Domex 700 steel.