The dimensionless groups that govern the Davis and Raymond non-linear consolidation model, and its extended versions resulting from eliminating several restrictive hypotheses, were deduced. By means of the governing equations nondimensionalization technique and introducing the characteristic time concept, both in terms of settlement and pressures, was obtained (for the most general model) that the average degree of settlement only depends on the dimensionless time while the average degree of pressure dissipation does it, additionally, on the loading ratio. These results allowed the construction of universal curves expressing the solutions of the unknowns of interest in a direct and simple way.
The study of everyday phenomena involving friction continues to maintain a high level of difficulty despite its long history. The causes of this problem lie in the different scale of the characteristics of the phenomenon, macroscopic and microscopic. Thus, very different models, valid in a narrow scope which prevents generalization, have been appearing. This survey presents the application of network simulation method to the numerical solution to the study of friction at very different scales. On the one hand, on a microscopic scale an atomic force microscope model has been studied, related to the analysis of soft surfaces at the atomic scale. Furthermore, on a macroscopic scale model related to the analysis of an industrial device, such as a brake mechanism has been studied. After presenting herein is a review of the different formulations of the friction force, the nature of the surfaces involved in the phenomenon, as well as the definition of the problems to be analyzed. The design of network models and the implementation of the initial conditions are explained. The results of the application of network models to selected problems are presented. In order to verify the reliability of the proposed models, their results are compared with the solutions obtained by other numerical methods or experimental results, one from a device developed during the preparation of this report.