Beata Więcaszek, Ewa Sobecka, Marek Szulc and Klaudia Górecka
The snakeblenny, Lumpenus lampretaeformis, is a post glacial relict from the last ice age in the Baltic Sea. Reliable data on its diet, parasite fauna, distribution, population size, and population trends in the Baltic Sea are lacking. In the Polish zone it has been observed only in ICES subdivisions 25 (Slupsk Furrow) and 26 (Puck Bay, Krynica Morska, Władysławowo and Vistula mouth fishing grounds) at depths of 30-70 m; however, in recent decades only one finding of snakeblenny in Polish waters has been reported. This paper reports the record of one female specimen from the Gulf of Gdañsk. The individual’s morphological characters, stomach contents, parasitic fauna, age and gonadosomatic index were examined. The parasitological examination, which was undertaken for the first time on a specimen from the Baltic Sea since the 1930s, revealed that L. lampretaeformis was the host of one parasite species, namely a juvenile acanthocephalan Echinorhynchus gadi. Additionally, Pontoporeia fermorata and Halicryptus spinulosus were recorded in the stomach of snakeblenny for the first time in the Baltic Sea.
Ewa Stanisławska-Glubiak, Jolanta Korzeniowska, Józef Hoffmann, Helena Górecka, Wiktor Jóźwiak and Grażyna Wiśniewska
For ground phosphate rock (GPR) to be applied as phosphorus fertilizer, the availability of phosphorus to plants needs to be improved. One possible way to achieve this is by adding sulphur, which will accelerate decomposition of phosphate in soil owing to the activation of microbiological processes. This study involved granulation of fertilizers composed of phosphate and sulphur mixed at 38:1 and 10:1 ratios and two analogous fertilizer variants but with added molasses as a source of organic carbon for sulphur bacteria. A small-scale industrial installation for production of multi-component fertilizers was used to make granular fertilizer by the compaction method. The granular fertilizers were then tested in an agricultural experiment. The fertilizer in which the phosphate to sulphur ratio was 10:1 produced better effects. Addition of molasses to the fertilizers did not improve their fertilizing capacity
Marta Krzywda, Romain Gastineau, Małgorzata Bąk, Przemysław Dąbek, Ewa Górecka, Zhou Chengxu, Horst Lange-Bertalot, Chun L. Li and Andrzej Witkowski
We describe the new species Gomphonemopsis sieminskae from brackish waters of the East China Sea littoral near Ningbo, China. Two diatom strains isolated from Ulva sp. were successfully grown, then analyzed by light (LM) and scanning electron (SEM) microscopy. The new species is compared to known Gomphonemopsis species, and similarities to G. pseudoexigua and G. obscurum are emphasized. Although the size metric data overlap and the external views are fairly similar, the two taxa differ in their valve interior. Molecular barcoding strongly discriminated G. sieminskae from G. cf. exigua, while rbcL gene-based phylogeny showed G. sieminskae to be sister to Phaeodactylum tricornutum. In this respect our results confirm the recent discovery, based on molecular data, that Gomphonemopsis is a close-relative taxon to Phaeodactylum, and place it in Phaeodactylaceae instead of Rhoicospheniaceae as inferred solely from morphology.