The article discusses the issues of development of aesthetic medicine tourism. Its aim is to identify the essence and scope of services related to aesthetic medicine tourism and its location within the health tourism. The article is based on the theoretical study of literature from the field of health tourism and aesthetic medicine as well as empirical research results. The article discusses the issues of conditions of social changes that contribute to the creation of new trends in the tourism market. Further, it characterises aesthetic medicine. The article presents the results of empirical research indicating the need to expand the segment of health tourism to include aesthetic medicine tourism. Then the differentiators of aesthetic medicine tourism were identified, which may qualify it as a separate segment of health tourism. The theoretical added value of the article is the indication of the development of a new trend in health tourism and the identification of traits that allow the isolation of a new trend - aesthetic medicine tourism.
The aim of the article is to analyse the effectiveness of decision-making in the disbursement of funds from the ERDF for the selected tourism services. In the theoretical part of the article, the model for the assessment of the effectiveness of the ERDF management system was developed. This model is built based on the Propensity Score Matching (PSM) method, used to assess the effectiveness of community programmes. In the empirical part of the article, the verification of the model was carried out following the example of the tourism sector of the NUTS 2 region of Podlasie.
The obtained results allow concluding that the developed deadweight assessment model can be used in practice for the evaluation of the efficiency of the ERDF management. The conducted research indicates that the method of Propensity Score Matching (PSM), using the Neyman-Rubin model based on counterfactual studies, allows assessing the decision-making effectiveness in the disbursement of funds from the ERDF. Creating counterfactual situations in the models of evaluation of infrastructural actions serves for the identification of the effect of an independent event. The effect of an independent event measures the negative, unintended consequences of the undertaken decisions. It informs about the loss of alternative possibilities of allocating funds for other purposes.
Eugenia Panfiluk, Aleksander M. Panasiuk and Elżbieta Szymańska
Aesthetic medicine is, next to the wellness and spa, one of the most rapidly growing segments of health tourism. Its dynamic growth is closely linked to innovative offers (perhaps better described as “product innovation”). To date, however, there have been no scientific studies focusing on this market. Services in the field of aesthetic medicine are usually discussed descriptively as a subcategory of medical tourism, and innovation in this sector remains unexplored.
In this article we focus on innovation in aesthetic medicine as it pertains to health tourism, using the Delphi method to analyze innovation flow. Twelve experts from the fields of economics and management sciences with backgrounds in innovation and the economics of tourism (including health tourism) were invited to participate in the study. This group included also practitioners. The research was conducted in June and July 2015.
Our research addresses the current dearth of academic works on aesthetic medicine tourism, and lack of any relevant models of its flow and spread.