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Adel Mandour, Eslam El-Sawy, Kamel Shaker and Mohamed Mustafa

Synthesis, anti-inflammatory, analgesic and anticonvulsant activities of 1,8-dihydro-1-ary1-8-alkyl pyrazolo(3,4-b)indoles

A series of 1,8-dihydro-1-aryl-8-alkyl pyrazolo(3,4-b)indoles 4a-j, 5a-j and 6a-j has been synthesized and tested for their anti-inflammatory and anticonvulsant activities. Formation of the pyrazoloindole derivatives was achieved by treating arylhydrazones of N-alkyl indole-3-carbox-aldehydes 1a-j, 2a-j and 3a-j with ten times their mass of polyphosphoric acid as a condensing agent. The newly synthesized compounds were evaluated for their anti-inflammatory, analgesic and anticonvulsant activities compared to indomethacin, flufenamic acid and diazepam as positive controls. Detailed synthesis, spectroscopic and toxicity data are reported.

Open access

Adel Mandour, Eslam El-Sawy, Manal Ebaid and Seham Hassan

Synthesis and potential biological activity of some novel 3-[(N-substituted indol-3-yl)methyleneamino]-6-amino-4-aryl-pyrano(2,3-c)pyrazole-5-carbonitriles and 3,6-diamino-4-(N-substituted indol-3-yl)pyrano(2,3-c)pyrazole-5-carbonitriles

Starting from N-substituted indole-3-carboxaldehydes (1a-g) a series of new 3-[(N-substituted indol-3-yl)methyleneamino]-6-amino-4-aryl-pyrano(2,3-c)pyrazole-5-carbonitriles (3a-g and 4a-g) have been synthesized via the acid catalyzed condensation reaction of 1a-g with 3-amino-5-pyrazolone, followed by the reaction with arylidene malononitriles. A series of new 3,6-diamino-4-(N-substituted indol-3-yl)pyrano(2,3-c)pyrazole-5-carbonitriles (7a-g) have been prepared either via the base catalyzed condensation reaction of 1a-g with 3-amino-5-pyrazolone to give 6a-g, followed by the reaction with malononitrile or by the reaction of N-substituted-3-indolylidene malononitriles (5a-g) with 3-amino-5-pyrazolone. According to the obtained results, the newly synthesized compounds possess significant anti-inflammatory, analgesic and anticonvulsant activities. The anticonvulsant potency of certain tested compounds was more pronounced than both anti-inflammatory and analgesic activities. Moreover, most of the newly synthesized compounds possess potential antimicrobial activity against Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

Open access

Eslam El-Sawy, Adel Mandour, Khaled Mahmoud, Inas Islam and Heba Abo-Salem

Synthesis, antimicrobial and anti-cancer activities of some new N-ethyl, N-benzyl and N-benzoyl-3-indolyl heterocycles

A series of 1-(N-substituted-1H-indol-3-yl)-3-arylprop-2-ene-1-ones (2a, b-4a, b) were prepared and allowed to react with urea, thiourea or guanidine to give pyrimidine derivatives 5a, b-13a, b. Reaction of 2a, b-4a, b with ethyl acetoacetate in the presence of a base gave cyclohexanone derivatives 14a, b-16a, b. Reaction of the latter compounds with hydrazine hydrate afforded indazole derivatives 17a, b-19a, b. On the other hand, reaction of 2a, b-4a, b with some hydrazine derivatives, namely hydrazine hydrate, acetyl hydrazine, phenylhydrazine and benzylhydrazine hydrochloride, led to the formation of pyrazole derivatives 20a, b-31a, b. Moreover, reaction of 2a, b-4a, b with hydroxylamine hydrochloride gave isoxazole derivatives 32a, b-34a, b. The newly synthesized compounds were tested for their antimicrobial activity and showed that 4-(N-ethyl-1H-indol-3-yl)-6-(p-chlorophenyl)-pyrimidine-2-amine (11b) was the most active of all the test compounds towards Candida albicans compared to the reference drug cycloheximide. Eighteen new compounds, namely pyrimidin-2(1H)-ones 5a, b-7a, b, pyrimidin-2(1H)-thiones 8a, b-10a, b and pyrimidin-2-amines 11a, b-13a, b derivatives, were tested for their in vitro antiproliferative activity against HEPG2, MCF7 and HCT-116 cancer cell lines. 4-(N-ethyl-1H-indol-3-yl)-6-(p-methoxyphenyl)-pyrimidin-2-amine (11a) was found to be highly active with IC 50 of 0.7 μmol L-1.

Open access

Eslam El-Sawy, Fatma Bassyouni, Sherifa Abu-Bakr, Hanaa Rady and Mohamed Abdlla

Synthesis and biological activity of some new 1-benzyl and 1-benzoyl-3-heterocyclic indole derivatives

Starting from 1-benzyl- (2a) and 1-benzoyl-3-bromoacetyl indoles (2b) new heterocyclic, 2-thioxoimidazolidine (4a, b), imidazolidine-2,4-dione (5a, b), pyrano(2,3-d)imida-zole (8a, b and 9a, b), 2-substituted quinoxaline (11a, b-17a, b) and triazolo(4,3-a)quinoxaline derivatives (18a, b and 19a, b) were synthesized and evaluated for their antimicrobial and anticancer activities. Antimicrobial activity screening performed with concentrations of 0.88, 0.44 and 0.22 μg mm-2 showed that 3-(1-substituted indol-3-yl)quinoxalin-2(1H)ones (11a, b) and 2-(4-methyl piperazin-1-yl)-3-(1-substituted indol-3-yl) quinoxalines (15a, b) were the most active of all the tested compounds towards P. aeruginosa, B. cereus and S. aureus compared to the reference drugs cefotaxime and piperacillin, while 2-chloro-3-(1-substituted indol-3-yl)quinoxalines (12a, b) were the most active against C. albicans compared to the reference drug nystatin. On the other hand, 2-chloro-3-(1-benzyl indol-3-yl) quinoxaline 12a display potent efficacy against ovarian cancer xenografts in nude mice with tumor growth suppression of 100.0 ± 0.3 %.