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  • Author: Emil Popovski x
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Lulzime Ballazhi, Emil Popovski, Ahmed Jashari, Faik Imeri, Ibrahim Ibrahimi, Bozhana Mikhova and Kristina Mladenovska

Abstract

The study highlights the current progress in the development of coumarin scaffolds for drug discovery as novel anticancer agents in metastatic breast cancer. Eight compounds, combining the coumarin core and five membered heterocycles (isoxazoles and thiazoles) in hydrazinyldiene- -chroman-2,4-diones, were characterized in terms of a potential antiproliferative effect on bone (SCP1833) and lung (SCP4175) metastatic breast cancer cell lines using the 3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay. Cell viability was evaluated after 48 and 72 h of treatment and the 50 % inhibitory concentrations were determined. The results demonstrated dose- and time-dependent activity, with the most potent molecules having a thiazole moiety, without or with additional methyl group(s) attached to the carbon(s) at position(s) 5 and/or 4 in the thiazole ring. These molecules possessed significantly higher potency against both test cell lines compared to 4-hydroxycoumarin

Open access

Lulzime Ballazhi, Faik Imeri, Ahmed Jashari, Emil Popovski, Goran Stojković, Aleksandar J. Dimovski, Bozhana Mikhova and Kristina Mladenovska

Abstract

This study evaluates the effects of previously synthesized hydrazinyldiene-chroman-2,4-diones on cell proliferation and apoptosis, cell cycle distribution and migration capacity of MCF-7 breast cancer cells in synergy with doxorubicin. Physicochemical properties of the synthesized compounds were correlated with their structure and activity. Significant cell viability decrease in comparison with the effect of doxorubicin alone and the reference 4-hydroxycoumarin was observed when combination treatment comprising doxorubicin and the title compounds was applied. Synergistic effect with doxorubicin was also observed in down-regulation of phospho-Thr308Akt levels, confirming reduced proliferation and increased apoptosis. Combined treatment increased the percentage of cells arrested at the G2/M stage. Additive inhibition of cell migration was also observed, pointing to the possibility of reducing the risk of metastases. With their solubility profile and log D7.4, all the synthesized compounds follow Lipinski’s rule of five for good permeability (absorption) potential.