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Cristian Paltineanu, Leinar Septar, Corina Gavat, Emil Chitu, Alexandru Oprita, Cristina Moale, Gheorghe Lamureanu and Andrei Vrinceanu

Abstract

Root density was investigated using the trench method in a cherry (Prunus avium grafted on Prunus mahaleb) orchard with clean cultivation in inter-rows and in-row. Trenches of 1 m width and 1.2 m depth were dug up between neighbouring trees. The objectives of the paper were to clarify the spatial distribution of root density of cherry trees under the soil and climate conditions of the region to expand knowledge of optimum planting distance and orchard management for a broad area of chernozems. Some soil physical properties were significantly worsened in inter-rows versus in-row, mainly due to soil compaction, and there were higher root density values in in-row versus inter-rows. Root density decreased more intensely with soil depth than with distance from trees. The pattern of root density suggests that the cherry tree density and fruit yield could be increased. However, other factors concerning orchard management and fruit yield should also be considered. The results obtained have a potential impact to improve irrigation and fertilizer application by various methods, considering the soil depth and distance from trees to wet soil, in accordance with root development.

Open access

Dorin Sumedrea, Alina Florea, Mihaela Sumedrea, Adrian Asănica, Radu Coman, Mădălina Militaru, Emil Chiţu, Mădălina Butac, Florin Cristian Marin and Mirela Calinescu

Abstract

The objective of preservation is to keep fruit fresh as long as possible after harvesting, without major physical, chemical or biological changes in their composition. The experimental factors underlying it the organization scheme are: A Factor - apple varieties: ‘Idared’, ‘Goldrush’, ‘Florina’, ‘Pinova’, ‘Dalinette’, ‘Golden reinderes‘,‘Golden lassa‘,‘Ariane‘; B factor - storage methods, with three graduations: classical method - low temperature and high humidity (1-4ºC; humidity 85-90%), Janny MT box storage method (1-4 ºC; 95-100% humidity; O2 1-3%; CO2 2-5%), fruit control equipment box-pallets (1- 4ºC; 90-95% humidity; O2 1-3%; CO2 2-5%) and factor C - fruit storage period -at 3, 4 and 5 months after harvest respectively. On the average of the cultivars taken in the study, on observe the tendency to increase the total dry mater and total sugar content, and decrease the total tritrable acidity and vitamin C with the prolongation of the fruit storage period.

Open access

Cristian Paltineanu, Leinar Septar, Corina Gavat, Emil Chitu, Alexandru Oprita, Cristina Moale, Irina Calciu, Olga Vizitiu and Gheorghe Lamureanu

Abstract

The available information on root system in fully mature peach orchards in semi-arid regions is insufficient. This paper presents a study on the root system density in an irrigated peach orchard from Dobrogea, Romania, using the trench technique. The old orchard has clean cultivation in inter-row and in-row. The objectives of the study were to: test the hypothesis that the roots of fully mature peach trees occupy the whole soil volume; find out if root repulsive effect of adjacent plants occurred for the rootstocks and soil conditions; find relationships between root system and soil properties and analyse soil state trend. Some soil physical properties were significantly deteriorated in inter-row versus in-row, mainly due to soil compaction induced by technological traffic. Density of total roots was higher in-row than inter-row, but the differences were not significant. Root density decreased more intensely with soil depth than with distance from tree trunks. Root density correlated with some soil properties. No repulsive effect of the roots of adjacent peach trees was noted. The decrease of root density with distance from trunk can be used in optimising tree arrangement. The conclusions could also be used in countries with similar growth conditions.