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Elena Teodoreanu

Abstract

Our knowledge of climate during the Little Climate Optimum (VIII-XIV centuries) in our country comes from some historical studies on climatic events occurring in countries around Romania: Hungarian, Italian peninsula, Ukraine, the Balkan peninsula and the region around Constantinople, from foreign chronicles, French, German, Russian, from some notes of foreign travelers in that territory. Were record mostly harsh winters, especially in the early interval, with frozen rivers and the Black Sea, or rainy summers, with floods, but also some very warm winters, with the flowering of trees in January, and summers long, hot and dry. Some of these events led to famine, pestilence, high morbidity.

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Elena Teodoreanu

Abstract

This paper presents an important bioclimatic index which shows the influence of wind on the human body thermoregulation. When the air temperature is high, the wind increases thermal comfort. But more important for the body is the wind when the air temperature is low. When the air temperature is lower and wind speed higher, the human body is threatening to freeze faster. Cold wind index is used in Canada, USA, Russia (temperature "equivalent" to the facial skin) etc., in the weather forecast every day in the cold season. The index can be used and for bioclimatic regionalization, in the form of skin temperature index.

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Elena Teodoreanu

Abstract

Archdeacon Paul of Aleppo of Damascus accompanied the Patriarch Macarios of Antioch, in Moldavia, Wallachia, Dobrogea for nearly seven years (1652-1659), just in time considered one of the coldest during the Little Ice Age, Maunder Minimum namely (1645-1715). His journey is recorded in his travel diary, written in Arabic and translated into Romanian in 1900. Romanian historians were particularly concerned with the information provided by the passenger about the towns, monasteries, and farmhouses, aspects of daily life, customs, habits and Romanian economy countries. But Paul of Aleppo describe and climate issues, particularly cold winters with frost Danube, snowy, storm at sea, rain, floods, etc. It is a very rich source of information in this area, so far little taken into consideration, showing that the Little Ice Age was also evident in Eastern Europe.

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Elena Teodoreanu

Abstract

We are showing some bioclimatic indices (formulas or nomograms) for medical purposes, therapeutic tourism, sports. or regionalization. They are based on one, two, three or more different meteorological parameters.

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Elena Teodoreanu and Loredana-Elena Havriş (Mic)

Abstract

Comparative analysis of thermal regime in the Rucăr-Bran Corridor and the Prahova-Timiş Corridor. The authors analyze the thermal regime of two close corridors - one in the mountains and one in a valley; the first one - the Rucar-Bran Corridor is situated in the east of the Southern Carpathians e separates the Bucegi group from the Fagaras group; the second - the Prahova Timis Corridor is situated at the contact between the Southern and the Eastern Carpathians, between the Bucegi-Postavaru Mountains and Teleajenului Mountains. In order to determine from a thermal point of view the similarities and the differences between the two negative landforms, the authors used the vertical temperature gradients on the northern, southern, eastern and western slopes, based on the annual average temperatures and of the two characteristic months of the year (January/February and July/August) from seven weather stations installed in the region, at altitudes between 461 and 2504 meters, for a 47 year period (1961-2007). This way, they discussed the temperature differences in winter and summer between the mountain peaks and the depression areas, as well as the thermal anomalies caused by the geographic location: the position of the corridors’ regions with regard to the main atmospheric circulation and the exposure of the slopes to the sun, as well as the landform, which can alter the general distribution of the air temperature on the vertical.