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  • Author: Egidija Rinkūnienė x
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Summary

Objectives. To assess the association between education degree and attitude towards the treatment after myocardial infarction (MI).

Design and Methods. The participants of this cross-sectional study were 191 (140 men and 51 women) outpatients in a period of 3 months – 5 years after acute MI (mean age 59 ± 9.2 years) from Vilnius University Hospital Santaros Klinikos. All patients were asked to complete two questionnaires: “Quality of Life and Treatment after Myocardial Infarction” and “Cholesterol-lowering Drugs Consumption Peculiarities”. The data was analyzed using the SPSS software.

Results. The education degree (a higher (post-secondary education provided by a college or university) vs. a lower (secondary or vocational education) education degree) had similar influence on the patients’ occasional concern (43.2%; n = 35 vs. 52.9%; n = 55, respectively; p = 0.226) and on the frequent concern (25.9%; n =21 vs. 26.9%; n = 28, respectively; p = 0.226) about MI. Patients with a higher education degree were more likely to identify themselves as the main subjects in MI treatment in comparison with patients that had a lower education degree (30.5%; n = 25 vs. 15.2%; n = 16, respectively, p = 0.033). More educated patients found it easier to follow up the doctor’s treatment plan than less educated patients (23.2%; n = 19 vs. 9.5%; n = 10, respectively; p = 0.035).

Conclusions. More educated patients are more likely to follow up the doctor’s treatment plan and see it easier than less educated patients. Thus, more attention should be paid to less educated patients in order to increase their own impact on their post-MI treatment.

Summary

Objectives:The aim of this study was to assess the diagnostic value of exercise stress testing to detect coronary heart disease (CHD) in the group of patients with metabolic syndrome.

Design and methods: 2803 patients without prior diagnosis of CHD and identified metabolic syndrome were investigated. Subjects underwent electrocardiogram (ECG) stress testing and, depending on the results, coronary angiography and/or coronary computed tomography angiography to detect hemodynamically significant stenosis. CHD was confirmed, if lumen narrowing ≥ 50% of coronary arteries was found.

Results: Exercise stress testing was interpreted as positive in 12% patients (71.7% women and 28.3% men). CHD was diagnosed in 45 patients (1.6%), 23 of them had positive exercise stress testing. ECG stress testing was more frequently positive in patients, who had typical/atypical anginal chest pain, dyspnea and/or non-anginal chest pain, in comparison to asymptomatic patients (16.6% vs 8.9%, p <0.001). CHD was more often diagnosed in symptomatic patients compared to patients with no symptoms (6.1% vs 0.7%, p < 0.001, women 5.3% vs 0.6%, p < 0.001, men respectively 8% vs 0.8%, p < 0.001).

Conclusions: Diagnostic value of exercise stress testing for detecting CHD is limited in population with metabolic syndrome. CHD was more prevalent in patients with chest pain or dyspnea than in asymptomatic patients.

Summary

Cardiovascular diseases are the main cause of premature death worldwide. More than half of deaths were caused by cardiovascular diseases in 2017 in Lithuania. Primary prevention programmes encourage both medical staff and general population to pay attention to potential health issues as well as attempt to eradicate risk factors causing cardiovascular diseases. “A Funding Programme for the Screening and Preventive Management of the High Cardiovascular Risk Individuals” published in Lithuania has been implemented as of 2006.

Analysis of the results of the programme shows that the prevalent cases of arterial hypertension are gradually declining. However, the prevalence of dyslipidaemia is still not decreasing. The prevalence of other modifiable cardiovascular disease risk factors has erratic trends with a slight overall decline. Consequently, mortality rate of cardiovascular diseases has decreased by more than one third among middle-age population over the past 10 years.

Having higher availability of the anti-hypertensive and anti-lipid medications already achieved, the future plans include the aim of further reducing elevated blood pressure and effectively treating dyslipidaemia. In order to implement a strategy that focuses on smoking prevention, promotion of healthy nutrition and physical activity, a significant contribution is required from the state authorities.