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  • Author: Edyta Kardas x
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Abstract

The basic economic goal of pig iron process is to produce a finished product at the highest possible quality and at the lowest possible cost. The quality of pig iron depends on the quality of raw materials used in the process, quality of fuels and process parameters. The cost of fuel is one of the basic component of cost of pig iron production. Therefore, consumption of fuels should be minimized while maintaining its high quality. The main technological fuel of this process is blast furnace coke. Very often, cheaper alternative kinds of fuels are used in the form of finer sorts of coke or alternative fuels (e.g. coal dust). However, they can be used only in a limited amount. The aim of the paper is the assessment of the selected quality parameters of stabilized coke used in the blast furnace process and the comparison of their values with requirements.

Abstract

The review of definitions allows to state that knowledge management in enterprises is a complex, multi-aspect process requiring the implementation of a number of interrelated mechanisms and instruments. Sharing knowledge can increase employee productivity, team performance and the ability to transform diversity into creativity and organizational innovation. Sharing of knowledge in the enterprise should be implemented both in a formal and informal way and be supported by appropriate communication mechanisms, employee exchange programs, job rotation, mentoring relations, techniques Only a well-constructed, implemented and modified system can ensure achieving the intended goals related, among other things, to ensuring the proper functioning of quality assurance mechanisms. and tools for assessing teamwork, a z system promoting creativity and cooperation. The main purpose of the publication is to present the results of research conducted on a sample of 22 enterprises regarding the analysis of the extent of enterprises’ use of knowledge and human capital potential to improve the quality management. The research focused mainly on the impact of selected elements of management of knowledge and human capital on the level of employee awareness, as well as the number and type of non-compliance of products. The study used a questionnaire and statistical analysis of data from manufacturing processes.

Abstract

Steel is currently main structural material in the world. Pig iron, which is the basic product of blast furnace process, is the semi-product used in steel-making processes. It is an alloy of iron with carbon containing above 2% C and other elements with limited content, intended for further processing. Chemical composition of pig iron is its basic quality factor, it defines its class and meeting requirements set by steel plant department. It is important that this chemical composition is as stable as possible. In addition, the temperature of pig iron is also very important quality parameter. The paper presents statistical analysis of quality parameters of pig iron produced in one of Polish steelworks. The content of alloying elements and temperature of tapping of pig iron from blast furnace were examined. The amount of non-conforming production and the losses related to the low quality were assessed.

Abstract

In the paper the evaluation of efficiency of the use of machines in the selected production company was presented. The OEE method (Overall Equipment Effectiveness) was used for the analysis. The selected company deals with the production of tapered roller bearings. The analysis of effectiveness was done for 17 automatic grinding lines working in the department of grinding rollers. Low level of efficiency of machines was affected by problems with the availability of machines and devices. The causes of machine downtime on these lines was also analyzed. Three basic causes of downtime were identified: no kanban card, diamonding, no operator. Ways to improve the use of these machines were suggested. The analysis takes into account the actual results from the production process and covers the period of one calendar year.

Abstract

Possibilities Of Use Of Degassing And Carbon Gas In Industry. Degassing Gas Represents A Waste During Coal Mining So Far And This Issue Is Not Effectively Solved In Ostrava Region Up Till Now Ecological Aspects, Safety, Economic Aspects. Coal Deposits Represent A Special Case In Which The Deposit Is Both A Source Of Coal And Reservoir Of Gas. For The Thing Is That, In The Process Of Coalification Of Plant Residue, Coal Bed Gas Came Into Being Of Which The Main Component Is Methane. Gas From Mining Degassing Can Be Used As A Substitute Fuel For The Blowing Of Blast Furnaces. This Would Not Only Make It Possible To Reduce The Specific Consumption Of Coke, But Also Contribute To A Better Blast Furnace. An Economic Effect Is Also Negligible If We Characterize Degassing Gas As Waste Gas.