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  • Author: E. Nováková x
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M. Zouhar, O. Douda, J. Nováková, E. Doudová, J. Mazáková, J. Wenzlová, P. Ryšánek and M. Renčo

Abstract

This study summarises the results of in vitro screening of the nematophagous activity of Stropharia rugosoannulata and Arthrobotrys oligospora. The tests were conducted with Meloidogyne hapla plant parasitic nematode juveniles placed into Petri dishes containing cultures of the tested fungal species. Immobilisation of the nematodes was observed after 4 and 24 hours. Both species of fungi showed nematophagous activity, however it was much stronger and faster in the case of S. rugosoannulata.

Open access

M. Szilágyiová, Ľ. Laca, D. Antolová, E. Nováková, R. Rosoľanka, K. Reiterová and K. Šimeková

Summary

Alveolar and cystic echinococcosis, serious parasitic diseases caused by larval stages of Echinococcus multilocularis and E. granulosus has been diagnosed in Slovakia for a long time. Study presents case of 49-years old patient with accidentally diagnosed one big (60 mm) and multiple small (2 - 24 mm) hypoechogenic structures localised in right liver lobe. According to positive serology to E. granulosus antigen and results of imaging examinations the patient was classifi ed as possible case of cystic echinococcosis and treated with mebendazole. Later, due to the worsening of clinical, laboratory and CT fi ndings surgical biopsy was performed and surgical biopsy and subsequent PCR examination of liver tissue confi rmed the diagnosis of alveolar echinococosis. Clinical picture of disease imitating cystic echinococcosis in presented case report, together with results of serological tests confi rmed importance of accurate differential diagnosis of echinococcosis. Each aspect of clinical and laboratory results should be considered responsibly, however, sometimes only molecular techniques can solve the problem of differential diagnosis.

Open access

E. Nováková, J. Kinčeková, K. Adamicová, J. Kompaníková, V. Švihrová, K. Šimeková, J. Krause, J. Pavlinová and E. Dvorožňáková

Abstract

Dirofilariosis is a vector-borne disease that is spreading in Europe from the southern endemic regions to the northern countries, including Slovakia. The dog parasites Dirofilaria immitis and D. repens are zoonotic agents, responsible for the development of human pulmonary and subcutaneous dirofilariosis, respectively. The present paper reports the third case of human dirofilariosis in Slovakia caused by D. repens. The pacient, a 41-year-old woman, was referred with tumour process in the subcutaneous area of the right forearm. Within 14 days the USG confirmed the rapid increase of the nodule from 20 × 10 mm to 30 × 25 mm. The surgical extirpation of the tumour was indicated. Histological examination revealed the formation with eosinofilic rime and the presence of a worm in the centre, detected as D. repens.

Open access

I. Malachovsky, M. Janickova, J. Stasko, M. Kasaj, V. Sadlonova, E. Novakova, P. Gengelova, M. Smatanová and D. Statelová

Abstract

The authors describe a case of a rare infectious disease of intra-articular tissues of the temporomandibular joint caused mainly by Pseudomonas aeruginosa. In scientific literature, under the heading invasive (malignant) external otitis, we can find cases of an infectious disease of the external acoustic meatus caused by a microbial agent of Pseudomonas aeruginosa which can subsequently penetrate into structures. However, a primary affliction of the abovementioned structures has not been described. Localisation and severity of the infection requires long-term and massive treatment with antibiotics.