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E. Dzika

Abstract

Octomacrum europaeum (Monogenea: Octomacridae) was collected, for the first time in north-eastern Europe, from the gills of spirlin (Alburnoides bipunctatus). Morphometric characters were compared with those of other populations and conform to the original description of the species.

Open access

E. Dzika, M. Dzikowiec and R. Hoffmann

Abstract

In July 2005 a Koi carp from a private pond in Bavaria was investigated. The aim of the presently reported study was to determine the composition of the monogenean fauna of Koi carp, Cyprinus carpio var. koi and to observe the development of Dactylogyrus extensus, under natural conditions, on the fish gills. A total of three species were recovered, namely: Dactylogyrus extensus Müller et Van Cleave, 1932, Dactylogyrus minutus Kulwieć, 1927, and Gyrodactylus cyprini Diarova, 1964. The dominant species was D. extensus, while the remaining monogeneans were not abundant. Six developmental stages of D. extensus were defined and they were compared with those previously observed by Prost (1963), under experimental conditions. The differences observed in size of the sclerotised structures of the haptor and the copulatory apparatus were discussed.

Open access

E. Dzika, A. Kuształa and M. Kuształa

Abstract

A total of 40 carp bream, Abramis brama (L.) from Lake Jamno were examined for their parasites in May 2002. Lake Jamno is a brackish-water coastal lagoon, strongly eutrophied and polluted by communal and industrial sewage from the city of Koszalin. The survey yielded 15 parasite species, representing different systematic groups, including 7 monogeneans Dactylogyrus auriculatus, D. falcatus, D. wunderi, D. zandti, Gyrodactylus elegans, Gyrodactylus sp., Diplozoon paradoxum; 4 digeneans (at the stage of metacercaria) Diplostomum sp., Tylodelphys clavata, Ichthyocotylurus platycephalus, I. variegatus; 1 cestode Caryophyllaeus laticeps; 2 crustaceans Ergasilus sieboldi, Argulus foliaceus; and 1 hirudinean Caspiobdella fadejewi. Monogeneans constituted the most abundant parasite group, accounting for 61.5 % of all parasite individuals collected. They were followed by the cestodes (20.7 %), digenean flukes (16 %), crustaceans (0.7 %), and leeches (0.2 %).

Open access

J. Dziekońska-Rynko and E. Dzika

Abstract

The intensity and extensity of infestation of cormorants (Phalacocorax carbo sinensis) from a colony in Lake Selment Wielki with the tapeworm Paradilepis scolecina (Rudolphi, 1819) was examined. The cormorants were shot in April, August and October 2006 and in August and September 2007. The extensity of infection in all the cormorants under study was very high — even reaching 100 %. The highest intensity of infestation was found in the birds shot in August — 4697 tapeworms per bird in 2006 and 2562 in 2007. The intensity of infestation in the birds which were shot in autumn was less than one-tenth of that found in the birds shot in summer. The lowest intensity of infestation was found in the spring of 2006 — 61 tapeworms per bird.

Open access

K. Kubiak, E. Dzika and Ł. Paukszto

Summary

Enterobiasis is a human intestinal parasitic disease caused by human pinworm, Enterobius vermicularis. Despite being the most prevalent nematode infection in Europe and North America, predominantly among in school aged children, the data concerning infection rate and knowledge of genetic variability of pinworms are incomplete. The aim of the study was the estimation of prevalence and molecular typing of Enterobius vermicularis among healthy children in north-eastern Poland. In 2013 – 2015, 296 individuals (aged 2 – 18 years) from 12 kindergartens, schools and orphanages were examined by the adhesive cellophane tape method. Data on socio-demographic status were collected using a questionnaire. Molecular analysis was performed using the DNA of adult female pinworms and primers targeting the region of cytochrome oxidase I gene. The overall prevalence of enterobiasis was 10.1 %. Enterobius vermicularis infection rates were 3.9 % in children living in families and 32.8 % among the orphans (OR=0.08; 95 % CI: 0.04 – 0.19; p<0.001). There were no associations between distribution of enterobiasis and gender, pets possession and the season of examination. In 43.3 % of the infected children enterobiasis was asymptomatic. Based on a molecular marker three different haplotypes of pinworm were identified. All sequences clustered within type B, together with human E. vermicularis isolates from Denmark, Germany, Greece, and Japan. This paper provides complementary data on the occurrence and intraspecific variability of E. vermicularis in human population in Europe.