The Helminths of Wild Predatory Mammals of Ukraine. Cestodes
Data related to cestodes (totally 17 species), registered in predatory mammals in Ukraine are given and summarized. The richest cestode fauna was found in the Polissya region (Zhitomir, Kiev, Chernigov, Sumy Oblasts), Carpathian region and Transcarpathia. A wide host range characterizes the majority of cestodes occurring in predatory mammals of Ukraine. They are registered in both canines (Canidae) and felines (Felidae). Cestodes of the fox (9 species) and wolf (11 species) were studied more comprehensively. Other species of predatory mammals were infected with 1 to 3 species of cestodes.
The article summarizes information on the nematodes parasitic in wild Carnivora of Ukraine. Totally, 50 species of nematodes are known to parasitise carnivorans in the country, 30 species were registered in the present study. Nematodes were found in 14 species of examined hosts from the families Canidae, Mustelidae and Felidae. Maximum diversity of nematodes of carnivorans was observed in Polissia (forest zone in the north of the country) and in Kherson Region in the south. Hosts from the family Canidae harboured 19 nematode species; studied species of the Mustelidae were infected with 15 nematode species, 6 of them were also found in Canidae. The wildcat (Felis silvestris Schreber) and the lynx (Lynx lynx Linnaeus) harboured only two species of nematodes, both are specific parasites of these hosts. The most comprehensive information concerns the nematode communities of the red fox (Vulpes vulpes Linnaeus) and the wolf (Canis lupus Linnaeus), with 19 and 9 nematode species found, correspondingly. From 1 to 6 nematode species were found in other species of carnivorans.
The paper summarises information on 11 species of trematodes parasitic in 9 species of wild carnivorans of Ukraine. The largest number of trematode species (9) was found in the red fox (Vulpes vulpes). Alaria alata (Diplostomidae) appeared to be the most common trematode parasite in the studied group; it was found in 4 host species from 9 administrative regions and Crimea.