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Open access

Doug Chatham

Abstract

Given a (symmetrically-moving) piece from a chesslike game, such as shogi, and an n×n board, we can form a graph with a vertex for each square and an edge between two vertices if the piece can move from one vertex to the other. We consider two pieces from shogi: the dragon king, which moves like a rook and king from chess, and the dragon horse, which moves like a bishop and rook from chess. We show that the independence number for the dragon kings graph equals the independence number for the queens graph. We show that the (independent) domination number of the dragon kings graph is n − 2 for 4 ≤ n ≤ 6 and n − 3 for n ≥ 7. For the dragon horses graph, we show that the independence number is 2n − 3 for n ≥ 5, the domination number is at most n−1 for n ≥ 4, and the independent domination number is at most n for n ≥ 5.

Open access

Doug Chatham

Abstract

The classic n-queens problem asks for placements of just n mutually non-attacking queens on an n × n board. By adding enough pawns, we can arrange to fill roughly one-quarter of the board with mutually non-attacking queens. How many pawns do we need? We discuss that question for square boards as well as rectangular m × n boards.