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Magdalena Humaj-Grysztar, Monika Bobek, Dorota Matuszyk and Marzena Put


Aim. The aim of the study was to determine the relationship between the mode of delivery and the course of lactation in primiparas in early postpartum period. Material and methods. The research was conducted amongst 200 primiparas including 100 after vaginal delivery and 100 after cesarean section. The study was conducted with the method of diagnostic survey with the author’s original questionnaire as a research tool. Results. The women after vaginal delivery initiate breastfeeding earlier and more often find it successful (p < 0.001). Almost all the primiparas after cesarean delivery formula-fed their newborns (p < 0.001) and they started supplementary formula feeding earlier in comparison to women who had vaginal delivery (p < 0.001). Problem-free breastfeeding was declared by 15% of the respondents after vaginal delivery and 4% of those who had a cesarean section. Conclusions. The mode of delivery influences the lactation process. The primiparas after cesarean delivery had problems with breastfeeding more often than those after vaginal birth.

Open access

Julia Nawrot, Magdalena Humaj-Grysztar, Agnieszka Gniadek, Dorota Matuszyk and Renata Biernat


Aim. The aim of the study was to evaluate the quality of life of women with pelvic organ prolapse during the postmenopausal period.

Material and methodology. The study group consisted of 45 patients of the Department of Gynecology and Oncology at the University Hospital in Cracow The study was conducted as a diagnostic survey using the following survey techniques: author's questionnaire and the Short Form of Health Status Questionnaire (SF-36v2).

Results. The results showed that the respondents rated their quality of life as lower than the norm set by the authors of the SF-36v2 questionnaire. A statistically significant (p<0.05) correlation between the age of the subjects and the quality of life was found.

Conclusions. The quality of life of the women with the pelvic organ prolapse was low. The reason of the subjective assessment of quality of life was age. The most common symptom associated with pelvic organ prolapse was feeling the urge to urinate.