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Valentin Burca, Dorel Mates and Adriana Puscas

Abstract

On the last decades the accounting system haven‘t been able to follow the dynamics of the economic systems generated by the globalization process. In order to reduce the lag between the demand of financial information and the offer of financial information, IASB has started numerous initiatives aiming the increase on the quality of the financial information. Among the current list of current IASB major projects there is also the project of revising the actual conceptual framework for financial reporting. This study is designed to give some directions that will be considered on the exposure draft of this project, analyzing the comment letters submitted by the members of ASAF and the Big4 as well. The study reveals the increasing importance the preparers and users give to the disclosures included on the notes to the primary financial statements. Moreover, on this study we emphasize several challenges that IASB has to face on issuing the exposure draft for this important project. Some of the main challenges refer to the narrow scope of the financial statements, the criteria used on classification, aggregation and offsetting, or the use of the materiality concept

Open access

Dorel Mates, Adriana Puscas, Antonela Ursachi and Eduard Ajtay

Abstract

Accounting and taxation in Romania at the beginning of the third millennium are in continuous development, as a result of globalization of the world economy and of connecting the accounting and tax system to the international and European one.

The confluence of the two representative cultures – Anglo-Saxon and Latin-European – has left a strong mark on the Romanian accounting and taxation.

The International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) and the European Directives set the line to follow for both the Romanian accounting and the Romanian taxation. We get to ask whether Romania has still got its own strategies of economic, social and cultural development or we are part of a system of strategies where accounting is also included?

Open access

Oana Bogdan, Dorel Mateş, Aura Emanuela Domil, Marina Adriana Puşcaş, Ancuţa Puşcaş and Ramona Teşu

Abstract

Through this paper, we want to identify the correlations between the benefits and costs of adopting IFRS standards in construction entities in the Western Region of Romania and their performance, using the Pearson correlation coefficient, which measures and describes the direction, degree and form of the association between two variables, thus obtaining high, reasonable, weak and very weak links between the benefits / costs and the performance of the entity.

The tool used in the research undertaken by construction companies is the questionnaire.

The questionnaire “On the Costs and Benefits of IFRS in Construction Companies in the Western Region of Romania” was disseminated among professional accountants in order to identify the perceptions of economists operating in construction companies in the Western Region Romania on the costs and benefits of implementing international standards. Thus, through this paper we aim to identify the correlations between the following benefits and costs:

  • - Benefits of implementation: comparability of information, increased transparency, increased access to capital, cost savings, reduction of informational asymmetry,

  • - Implementation costs: IFRS readiness level, complexity of standards, link between accounting and taxation, existing accounting tradition, costs associated with IFRS conversion, and

  • - Performance of the entity viewed from the perspective of: total revenue and turnover. In the research, we chose to present the analysis of compared to both the total revenues and the turnover, because the difference between the two economic-fiscal indicators is mainly represented by the financial revenues and the incomes from the disposals of assets.