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Open access

Y Sha, Q Liu, Y Wang, C Dong and L Song

Exploring Candidate Genes for Epilepsy by Computational Disease-Gene Identification Strategy

Epilepsy is a complex disease with a strong genetic component. So far, studies have focused on experimental validation or genome-wide linkage scans for epilepsy susceptibility genes in multiple populations. We have used four bioinformatic tools (SNPs3D, PROSPECTR and SUSPECTS, GenWanderer, PosMed) to analyze 16 susceptibility loci selected from a literature search. Pathways and regulatory network analyses were performed using the Ingenuity Pathways Analysis (IPA) software. We identified a subset of 48 candidate epilepsy susceptibility genes. Five significant canonical pathways, in four typical networks, were identified: GABA receptor signaling, interleukin-6 (IL-6) signaling, G-protein coupled receptor signaling, type 2 diabetes mellitus signaling and airway inflammation in asthma. We concluded that online analytical tools provide a powerful way to reveal candidate genes which can greatly reduce experimental time. Our study contributes to further experimental tests for epilepsy susceptibility genes.

Open access

L. Teng, S. Seetharaman, M. Nzotta, P. Dong, H. Ge, L. Wang, H. Wang and A. Chychko

Retention, Recovery and Recycling of Metal Values from High Alloyed Steel Slags

The work was carried out in four parallel directions. The thermodynamic activities of oxides of Cr in steel slags were determined by slag-gas equilibration technique. The ratio of Cr2+/Cr3+ in CaO-MgO(-FeO)-AlO3-SiO2-CrO× system slags was measured by X-ray absorption near edge spectra (XANES). High-temperature mass spectrometry method was also used to obtain the distribution of chromium oxides. A mathematical correlation was established for estimating the ratio of Cr2+/Cr3+ as a function of temperature, partial pressure of oxygen and slag basicity. Laboratory investigations of the decarburization of high alloy steels under controlled oxygen potentials have been carried out to retain Cr in the steel phase. A mathematical model has been developed for the decarburization process with controlled oxygen partial pressure. Experimental and theoretical investigations have been carried out in optimizing the Mo-additions to steel in the EAF practice in Uddeholm Tooling AB. Substantial saving of Mo as well as less emissions of Mo-bearing dust are indicated in the study. A salt extraction process was developed to extract the metal values from steel slags. Successful extractions, followed by electrolysis indicate that this could be a viable route towards recovery of metals from metallurgical slags.

Open access

Yi Xu, Wei-wei Fu, Shi Chen, Yue-fang Dong, Ke-ke Gu and Li-ping Wang

Open access

Shengqi Jian, Xueli Zhang, Dong Li, Deng Wang, Zening Wu and Caihong Hu

Abstract

The experiments of stemflow of two semiarid shrubs (Caragana korshinskii and Hippophae rhamnoides) and its effect on soil water enhancement were conducted from 1st May to 30th September of 2009-2013 in the Chinese Loess Plateau. Stemflow values in C. korshinskii and H. rhamnoides averaged 6.7% and 2.4% of total rainfall. The rainfall threshold for stemflow generation was 0.5 and 2.5 mm for C. korshinskii and H. rhamnoides. When rainfall was less than 17.0 mm, the funnelling ratios were highly variable, however, stable funnelling ratios were found for rainfall greater than 17.0 mm for C. korshinskii. The funnelling ratios of H. rhamnoides first increased until a threshold value of 10.0 mm and then the funnelling ratios begin stabilize. The wetting front depths in the area around stem was 1.4-6.7 and 1.3-2.9 times deeper than area outside the canopy for C. korshinskii and H. rhamnoides. Soil moisture at soil depth 0-200 cm was 25.6% and 23.4% higher in soil around stem than that outside canopy for C. korshinskii and H. rhamnoides. The wetting front advanced to depths of 120 and 100 cm in the area around stem and to depths of 50 cm in the area outside the canopy for C. korshinskii and H. rhamnoides suggested that more rain water can be conserved into the deep soil layers through shrub stemflow. Soil moisture was enhanced in the area outside the shrub canopy, only when rainfall depth is > 4.7 and 5.1 mm, which is an effective rainfall for the area for C. korshinskii and H. rhamnoides. While for the area around stem of C. korshinskii and H. rhamnoides, the corresponding threshold values are 3.2 and 4.3 mm. These results confirmed that stemflow has a positive effect on soil moisture balance of the root zone and the enhancement in soil moisture of deeper soil layers.

Open access

Xiping Liu, Dong Chen, Liang Yi, Chao Zhang and Min Wang

Abstract

Magnetic-geared permanent magnet (MGPM) electrical machine is a new type of machine by incorporating magnetic gear into PM electrical machine, and it may be in operation with low-speed, high-torque and direct-driven. In this paper, three types of MGPM machines are present, and a quantitative comparison among them is performed by finite element analysis (FEA). The magnetic field distribution, stable torque and back EMF are obtained at no-load. The results show that three types of MGPM machine are suitable for different application fields respectively according to their own advantages, such as high torque and back EMF, which form an important foundation for MGPM electrical machine research.

Open access

Haiyun Xu, Chao Wang, Kun Dong, Rui Luo, Zenghui Yue and Hongshen Pang

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims at identifying potential industry-university-research collaboration (IURC) partners effectively and analyzes the conditions and dynamics in the IURC process based on innovation chain theory.

Design/methodology/approach

The method utilizes multisource data, combining bibliometric and econometrics analyses to capture the core network of the existing collaboration networks and institution competitiveness in the innovation chain. Furthermore, a new identification method is constructed that takes into account the law of scientific research cooperation and economic factors.

Findings

Empirical analysis of the genetic engineering vaccine field shows that through the distribution characteristics of creative technologies from different institutions, the analysis based on the innovation chain can identify the more complementary capacities among organizations.

Research limitations

In this study, the overall approach is shaped by the theoretical concept of an innovation chain, a linear innovation model with specific types or stages of innovation activities in each phase of the chain, and may, thus, overlook important feedback mechanisms in the innovation process.

Practical implications

Industry-university-research institution collaborations are extremely important in promoting the dissemination of innovative knowledge, enhancing the quality of innovation products, and facilitating the transformation of scientific achievements.

Originality/value

Compared to previous studies, this study emulates the real conditions of IURC. Thus, the rule of technological innovation can be better revealed, the potential partners of IURC can be identified more readily, and the conclusion has more value.