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Miroslaw Rodzewicz and Dominik Glowacki

Abstract

The paper contains a description of a novel approach to the load spectra estimation applied to UAVs. The authors have developed a number of tools in the LabVIEW environment enabling an in-depth analysis of flight-log data. One major achievement was the separation of the load spectra induced by steering and the load spectra induced by turbulence. The authors have shown a significant influence of both of the main load sources on the fatigue life of the UAV airframe, calculated based on the P-M hypothesis. This approach to fatigue testing of composite UAV airframes needs to take into account the rate of load variations as these may affect the fatigue life of tested structures. The paper presents several schemes of calculation algorithms and a number of well-illustrated examples of the tests and investigations results.

Open access

Mirosław Rodzewicz and Dominik Głowacki

The EB-3 Fly-lab of the Warsaw University of Technology

The authors describe the program undertaken at the Warsaw University of Technology (WUT), aimed at developing mobile aerodynamic laboratories to be used for investigation into aerodynamic properties of airfoils or lightweight propulsion systems - in natural scale and in natural atmosphere. The enterprise was named the EB-program, and has both: research and educational aspects; in all phases of the program (i.e. design, manufacturing and testing) the WUT students are involved. As the result of work, three mobile aerodynamic laboratories were build: EB-1 - which was tested on the car roof, EB-2 - unique flying laboratory based on the PW-6 glider, and EB-3 - a new generation of flying wind tunnel to be used on the AOS-71 glider, which currently is under preparation to the flight tests. The authors present in detail the measurement systems and procedures supported by the LabView software.

Open access

Dominik Głowacki and Mirosław Rodzewicz

Abstract

This paper concerns fatigue testing of the rotor of the propulsion system for the MOSUPS – an unmanned aircraft designed in a joint wing configuration, and equipped with a ducted propeller. The work presents the analysis of the stresses and deformations of the rotor structure as well as the form of the loading cycle. The aim of the paper is to introduce the concept of a simplified method of fatigue testing of multi-blade rotors. With the sophisticated geometry of the rotor in mind – the authors applied the FEM tools and implemented the ANSYS and nCode programs. The prototype of the fatigue stand built by the authors is also presented in the paper.

Open access

Mirosław Rodzewicz, Dominik Głowacki and Jarosław Hajduk

Abstract

The article presents the analyses of the flights carried out the by the Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) named PW-ZOOM used to perform a photogrammetric mission and monitoring of fauna in Antarctic areas. The analyses focus on the deviations of the optical axis of the photo-camera which occurred during photogrammetric flights carried out on the same route but during several Antarctic expeditions performed in subsequent years (2014 and 2015). The results were subjected to correlation tests with weather conditions (wind speed and variability). The basis for these analyses are the data from the onboard signal recorder integrated with an autopilot.

Open access

Paweł Borkowski, Dominik Głowacki, Agnieszka Nowakowska, Jakub Pawlicki and Janisław Zwolinski

Abstract

This paper is concerned with the 1st stage of HP rotor blade assembly steam turbine TK 120. The methodology was focused on the selection of mechanical properties and the way of the rotor disc modeling and estimating the degree of damage caused by creep. Then the dynamic interference between the frequencies of excitation and the natural frequencies was assessed. Static calculations were performed for the cyclic sectors consisting of the disc, disc blades, spacers and shrouding, including loads as temperature, mass forces from the angular velocity and the pressure on the blades. Then, the creep analysis using a Norton’s model and the modal analysis were performed. Static analysis gave information concerning the distributions of displacements, stress and strain components. In the creep analysis, the creep displacements and stress relaxation versus time were determined and the estimated degree of damage caused by creep was evaluated at each part of the rotor disc. In the modal analysis, the natural frequencies and modes of vibrations corresponding to the nodal diameters were found. The results of modal analysis were shown in the SAFE graph. Numerical calculations have shown that the rotor disc was a well-designed structure and did not reveal any dynamic interference.