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Open access

Qun Li and Ding Xu

Abstract

This paper considers a fading cognitive multiple access channel (CMAC), where multiple secondary users (SUs), who share the spectrum with a primary user (PU), transmit to a cognitive base station (CBS). A power station is assumed to harvest energy from the nature and then provide power to the SUs. We investigate the power allocation problems for such a CMAC to maximize the SU sum rate under the interference power constraint, the sum transmit power constraint and the peak transmit power constraint of each individual SU. In particular, two scenarios are considered: with successive interference cancellation (SIC) and without SIC. For the first scenario, the optimal power allocation algorithm is derived. For the second scenario, a heuristic algorithm is proposed. We show that the proposed algorithm with SIC outperforms the algorithm without SIC in terms of the SU sum rate, while the algorithm without SIC outperforms the algorithm with SIC in terms of the number of admitted SUs for a high sum transmit power limit and a low peak transmit power limit of each individual SU.

Open access

Haoju Wang, Li Ni, Hongjun Yang, Limin Xu, Ning Ma and Honglei Ding

Abstract

In order to evaluate the prevalence of the Mycoplasma mycoides cluster in goats in Chongqing, China, an epidemiological survey in this area was carried out. A total of 68 samples were subjected to bacteria isolation on Hartley’s medium. Four isolates (three from lung tissue and one from nasal discharges) were recovered from the samples and identified as the Mycoplasma species by their morphological and biochemical characteristics. They were further confirmed by PCR using 16S rRNA specific primer pairs and by restriction enzyme analysis. In vitro antimicrobial susceptibility of the isolates indicated that some strains had developed resistance to the antibiotics tested. This is the first report on the isolation, identification, and molecular characterisation of Mycoplasma species isolated from goats in Chongqing. This study also revealed a prevalence of Mycoplasma species infection in goats in this area.

Open access

Jie Xu, Jun Shen, Yue Ding, Hui-Yong Shen, Zhan-Peng Zeng, Ruo-Fan Ma, Chun-Hai Li and Bertram Barden

The clinical value of combined use of MR imaging and multi-slice spiral CT in limb salvage surgery for orthopaedic oncology patients: initial experience in nine patients

Background. The purpose of this prospective study was to evaluate the value of the combined use of MR imaging and multi-slice spiral CT for limb salvage surgery in orthopaedic oncology patients.

Patients and methods. Nine consecutive patients with lower/upper limb malignant bone tumours (7 osteosarcomas and 2 chondrosarcomas) were treated with limb-salvaging procedures. Preoperative planning including determination of the osteotomy plane and diameters of the prosthesis was performed basing on the preoperative CT and MR images. The histopathology was performed as golden diagnostic criteria to evaluate the accuracy of CT and MR-based determination for tumour's boundary.

Results. The tumour extension measured on MRI was consistent with the actual extension (P>0.05, paired Student's t test), while the extension measured on CT imaging was less than the actual extension. The length, offset and alignment of the affected limb were reconstructed accurately after the operation. An excellent functional outcome was achieved in all patients.

Conclusions. In the present study, MRI was found to be superior to CT for determining the tumour extension, combined use of MRI and CT measurement provided high precision for the fit of the prosthesis and excellent functional results.

Open access

Yewen Xu, Guozhu Shen, Hongyan Wu, Bin Liu, Xumin Fang, Ding Zhang and Jun Zhu

Abstract

Organic-inorganic nano-CoFe2O4/PANI (polyaniline) multi-core/shell composites have been successfully synthesized by chemical oxidative polymerization of aniline. The characterization results showed that the ferrite nanocrystals were efficiently embedded in PANI. The electromagnetic parameters of the composites were measured by a vector network analyser in the frequency range of 2 GHz to 18 GHz. Double-layer absorbers based on the CoFe2O4/PANI composite (matching layer) and calcined CoFe2O4 ferrite (absorbing layer) have been designed. The reflection loss of the microwave absorbers of both single layer and double-layer with a total thickness of 2.0 mm and 2.5 mm was calculated according to transmission-line theory. The results indicated that the minimum reflection loss of the CoFe2O4/PANI composite was −19.0 dB at 16.2 GHz at the thickness of 2.0 mm and −23.6 dB at 13.1 GHz at the thickness of 2.5 mm, respectively. The minimum reflection loss for double-layer absorbers reached −28.8 dB at 16.2 GHz at the total thickness of 2.0 mm, and −31.1 dB at 12.8 GHz at the total thickness of 2.5 mm. The absorption bandwidth under −10 dB was 4.2 GHz (13.8 GHz to 18.0 GHz) and 5.5 GHz (10.3 GHz to 15.8 GHz), respectively. The results show that the reflection loss and absorption bandwidth of the double-layer absorbers are obviously enhanced compared to corresponding single layer absorbers.

Open access

Wen Wang, Ci-You Huang, Zhuo-Ping Wang, Shan-Shan Xu, Tie-Yong Qian, Yi-Ding Chen and Wei-Guo Wu

Summary

Background

The chemokine C-C motif ligand 11, also known as eotaxin-1, has been identified as a novel mediator of inflammatory bone resorption. However, little is known regarding a potential role for CCL11/Eotaxin-1 in postmenopausal osteoporosis.

Objective

The scope of this study was to explore the relationship between serum CCL11/Eotaxin-1 concentrations and disease progression of postmenopausal females with osteoporosis.

Methods

A total of 83 postmenopausal women diagnosed with osteoporosis were enrolled. Meanwhile, 82 postmenopausal women with normal bone mineral density (BMD) and 85 healthy controls inner child-bearing age were enrolled as control. The Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry was used to examine the BMDs at the femoral neck, lumbar spine 1-4 and total hip of all participants. Serum CCL11/Eotaxin-1 levels were examined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. We also included inflammation marker interleukin-6 (IL-6) as well as a serum marker of bone resorption C-telopeptide cross-linked collagen type 1 (CTX-1). The Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) were recorded to evaluate the clinical severity in POMP females.

Results

Serum CCL11/Eotaxin-1 levels were significantly elevated in postmenopausal osteoporotic patients PMOP patients compared with PMNOP and healthy controls. We observed a significant negative correlation of serum CCL11/Eotaxin-1 levels with lumbar spine, femoral neck and total hip BMD. Furthermore, serum CCL11/ Eotaxin-1 concentrations were also positively related to the VAS and ODI scores. Last, serum CCL11/ Eotaxin-1 concentrations were positively associated with IL-6 and CTX-1 levels. These correlations remain significant after adjusting for age and BMI. Multivariate linear regression analysis demonstrated that CCL11/Eotaxin-1 could serve as an independent marker.

Conclusions

Serum CCL 11/Eotaxin-1 may serve as a candidate biomarker for postmenopausal osteoporosis. Therapeutics targeting CCL11/Eotaxin-1 and its related signalling way to prevent and slow progression of PMOP deserve further study.

Open access

Rong Tan, De-Ying Hu, Yan-Hong Han, Yi-Lan Liu, Xiao-Ping Ding, Shu-Jie Wang and Ke Xu

Abstract

Objective

The aim of this study was to explore the characteristics of and preventive management strategies for suicidal inpatients in a general hospital.

Methods

A total of 54 suicide victims were drawn from a patient safety adverse event network reporting system during hospitalization in a general hospital from November 2008 to January 2017.

Results

Subjects who committed suicide in the general hospital were women and those who suffered from malignant neoplasms during general hospital treatment. Furthermore, most of the patients who committed suicide used more violent suicide methods. The most common and lethal means was jumping from heights at the windowsill.

Conclusions

It is concluded that management strategies for suicide prevention can be provided from the aspects of patients, medical staff and the hospital environment. It is not only urgent but also feasible to reduce the suicide rate of inpatients and further improve hospital safety management.

Open access

Xianlei Dong, Jian Xu, Ying Ding, Chenwei Zhang, Kunpeng Zhang and Min Song

Abstract

Purpose

We propose and apply a simplified nowcasting model to understand the correlations between social attention and topic trends of scientific publications.

Design/methodology/approach

First, topics are generated from the obesity corpus by using the latent Dirichlet allocation (LDA) algorithm and time series of keyword search trends in Google Trends are obtained. We then establish the structural time series model using data from January 2004 to December 2012, and evaluate the model using data from January 2013. We employ a state-space model to separate different non-regression components in an observational time series (i.e. the tendency and the seasonality) and apply the “spike and slab prior” and stepwise regression to analyze the correlations between the regression component and the social media attention. The two parts are combined using Markov-chain Monte Carlo sampling techniques to obtain our results.

Findings

The results of our study show that (1) the number of publications on child obesity increases at a lower rate than that of diabetes publications; (2) the number of publication on a given topic may exhibit a relationship with the season or time of year; and (3) there exists a correlation between the number of publications on a given topic and its social media attention, i.e. the search frequency related to that topic as identified by Google Trends. We found that our model is also able to predict the number of publications related to a given topic.

Research limitations

First, we study a correlation rather than causality between topics’ trends and social media. As a result, the relationships might not be robust, so we cannot predict the future in the long run. Second, we cannot identify the reasons or conditions that are driving obesity topics to present such tendencies and seasonal patterns, so we might need to do “field” study in the future. Third, we need to improve the efficiency of our model by finding more efficient variable selection models, because the stepwise regression method is time consuming, especially for a large number of variables.

Practical implications

This paper analyzes publication topic trends from three perspectives: tendency, seasonality, and correlation with social media attention, providing a new perspective for identifying and understanding topical themes in academic publications.

Originality/value

To the best of our knowledge, we are the first to apply the state-space model to examine the relationships between healthcare-related publications and social media to investigate the relationships between a topic’s evolvement and people’s search behavior in social media. This paper thus provides a new viewpoint in the correlation analysis area, and demonstrates the value of considering social media attention in the analysis of publication topic trends.

Open access

Xiao-Dong Zhang, Yi-Fang Feng, Xu Zhang, Mi Tian, Tao Wu, Peng-Fei Ye, Wei Zhang, Yue-Yun Ding, Zong-Jun Yin and Ming-Xing Chu

Abstract

To justify the function of miRNAs in reproductive regulation in swine, the expression of miR-145, miR-429 and their related genes were studied in reproductive tissues of sows. Wannan black pig and Yorkshire pigs with extremely high (n=6) and low (n=6) litter size were sampled, and real-time quantitative PCR (qPCR) was performed on tissue samples from ovaries, uterus, oviduct, hypothalamus, and pituitary. The results indicated that miR-145, miR-429, and zinc finger E-box binding homeobox 1 gene (ZEB1) were expressed significantly different in Wannan black pig and Yorkshire pigs. In pigs with different fecundity, miR-145 in the uterus was expressed significantly lower in pigs with high litter size, than in pigs with low litter size. The miR-429 expression in the oviduct and pituitary of pigs with high litter size was significantly higher compared with tissues sampled from pigs with low litter size. The ZEB1 expression in the pituitary was lower in pigs with high litter size in comparison to pigs with low litter size, while luteinizing hormone beta subunit (LHβ) showed the opposite pattern of expression. In conclusion, miR-145 and miR-429 were differently expressed in pigs with high and low litter size and might have a role in affecting litter size of sows.

Open access

Guo-liang Zhang, Jian-bo Ding, Shuang-jie Li, Xi Zhang, Yi Xu, Hua-sheng Yang, Dan Wei, Qin Li, Qing-sheng Shi, Qing-xiong Zhu, Tong Yang, Zi-qiang Zhuo, Yi-mei Tian, Hao-jie Zheng, Liu-ping Tang, Xin-ying Zou, Tao Wen and Xiu-hui Li

Objective To evaluate the efficacy and safety of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) combined with Western medicine in the treatment of patients with common hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) by conducting a prospective, controlled, and randomized trial.

Methods A total of 452 patients with common HFMD were randomly assigned to receive Western medicine alone (n = 220) or combined with TCM (Reduning or Xiyanping injections) (n = 232). The primary outcome was the incidence rate of rash/herpes disappearance within 5 days, while secondary outcomes included the incidence rate for fever, cough, lethargy, agitation, and vomiting clearance within 5 days.

Results The rash/herpes disappearance rate was 45.5% (100/220) in Western medicine therapy group, and 67.2% (156/232) in TCM and Western medicine combined therapy group, with significant difference (P < 0.001). Moreover, TCM remarkably increased the incidence rate of secondary disappearance, which was 56.4% in Western medicine therapy group and 71.4% in TCM and Western medicine combined therapy group (P = 0.001). No drug-related adverse events were observed.

Conclusions It’s suggested that the integrative TCM and Western medicine therapy achieved a better therapeutic efficacy. TCM may become an important complementary therapy on relieving the symptoms of HFMD.