In Colombia, four species of Triphora (Orchidaceae) are recognized. Two species (Triphora galeanoi and T. vichadaensis) are newly described. As circumscribed here, the two new species occur exclusively in Colombia apart from T. foldatsii, being known from Colombia and Venezuela, and T. gentianoides, ranging from the USA (Florida) in the north to Colombia in the south. For the species treated, a taxonomic description, synonymy and information about distribution are provided. Additionally,for the two new species, illustrations of flower parts are provided. A key for the determination of the Colombian species of Triphora is included.
A new classification of the subtribe Maxillariinae (Orchidaceae) is proposed. Thirty-seven genera are revised. The Camaridium group is divided into seven genera, Adamanthus, Camaridium, Pseudomaxillaria, Psittacoglossum and three described here: Chaseopsis, Chelyella and Viracocha. Ornithidium s.l. is divided into seven genera: Heterotaxis, Laricorchis,Neo-urbania, Nitidobulbon, Ornithidium, Vazquezella and Aucellia, the latter two described here. 193 new combinations on the species level are validated and the relationships among the genera are briefly discussed. A key to the determination of all genera representing Maxillariinae s. s. is provided.
Results of molecular analysis compared with morphological studies were used for reclassification of the Angraecumalliance (Orchidaceae). For the purpose of this study we sequenced the ITS region (ITS1-5.8S-ITS2) of nrDNA representing nuclear genome and the plastid region trnL-F (including intron of trnL gene and trnL-trnF intergenic spacer). The ITS matrix includes 97 samples representing 86 species and the trnL-F matrix includes 94 samples representing 86 species. We focus mainly on the genus Angraecum, however the other genera of Angraecinae are also included (Aeranthes, Campylocentrum, Dendrophylax, Cryptopus, Calyptrochilum, Lemurorchis, Jumellea, Neobathiea, Oeonia, Oeoniella, Sobennikoffia). Additional 43 sequences, including an outgroup (Polystachya modesta) and other representatives of the subtribes Aeridinae (Aerides) and Aerangidinae (Aerangis, Angraecopsis, Erasanthe, Solenangis), were obtained from NCBI resources. Bayesian analysis using MrBayes 3.1.2 on the combined ITS/trnL-F matrix were performed. The monophyly of Angraecinae with an inclusion of Aerangidinae is highly supported by both methods (93 BP/100 PP). The Angraecoid taxa formed two well supported clades, namely clade I (89 BP/100 PP) and clade II (84 BP/100 PP). New classification based on both molecular and classical taxonomy studies is presented including a key to the genera. The subtribe Angraecinae includes 36 genera, 18 of them, included within Angraecum by different authors so far, are treated here. Five new genera are described: Eichlerangraecum, Hermansia, Lesliegraecum, Pectianriella and Rudolfangraecum. Ten sections of Angraecum are raised to the generic status.
Two new species of Guatemalan Cyclopogoninae are described and illustrated; one of them represents the Mesoamerican genus Potosia (Schltr.) R. Gonzalez & Szlach. ex Mytnik, the other - Neotropical Pelexia Poit. ex Rich. They are compared with other Guatemalan members of the genera.
With over 3000 species, Colombian orchid flora represents one of the richest in the World. The neotropical subtribe Pleurothallidinae is the most diverse, but it is still a poorly recognized Orchidaceae group and numerous new discoveries within national representatives are described every year. An examination of material collected recently in the Colombian department of Putumayo revealed the existence of a new species of Myoxanthus, named M. ortizianus, which is described, illustrated and placed within an identification key for national species of the nominal section of the subgenus Myoxanthus.
The genus Bilabrella (Habenarinae, Orchidaceae) was described by Lindley in 1834, but within next years, different authors incorporated it as the section of the genus Habenaria Willd. From 2003, Szlachetko and Kras stated that there were no grounds for distinguishing the sections Bilabrellae and Replicatae. They restored the genus Bilabrella, transfering to it 93 species from the section Replicatae and four species new to science were described. The poor condition of the old plant materials, the lack of some type specimens for many species described by Schlechter and problems with a series of transitional forms between some species are only few reasons, why the revision of the genus has not been published so far. Bilabrella comprises orchids found in Sub-Saharan Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands. Bilabrella differs from other Habenariinae in its unique combination of features
A new species of Sertifera is described and illustrated based on Colombian material. The novelty resembles Sertifera colombiana, but it is characterized by glandular leaf sheaths, larger, white flowers, ovate to oblong-ovate sepals, ligulatelanceolate petals and apically triangular lip. This is the first report of a white-flowered representative of the genus.
The orchid genus Dipteranthus, described by Rodrigues in 1882, comprises about 10 species distributed from Venezuela to Bolivia and Brazil. Plants of Dipteranthus are small epiphytes, reaching in total up to 10 cm in length, hence, are easily overlooked in the field. Modern classification of Dipteranthus is still under discussion. During the revision of orchids of the Guianas, we came across some specimens that do not match morphological characters of any previously known Dipteranthus species. Thus, we propose that these specimens represent a new species – Dipteranthus clarkei sp. nov. D. clarkei is the first representative of the genus known from Guyana.
Andinia panica, previously known exclusively from the type locality in Ecuador, is reported for the first time from Colombia. Characteristic of population found in Valle de Sibundoy is provided together with photographs of the specimen and information about its habitat. Moreover, the comparative morphology of species included in Andinia subgenus Minuscula, is presented together with the key to species identification.