The paper presents the results of a lichenological study conducted in 2012 in the ‘Lekowo’ forest complex, situated in the north-western part of Mazovia (Forest Division of Ciechanów). It is the largest forest complex in the area, covering 1596 ha. The research area comprises two small nature reserves (‘Lekowo’ - 5,31 ha, and ‘Modła’ - 9,36 ha) with old-growth oak trees (160-200 years of age) and adjacent managed pine forests (76-107 years of age). The aim of this study was to investigate the species composition of the lichen biota in both reserves and to determine the role of nature reserves in preserving lichen diversity. Results of the study showed that old-growth stands, in particular those composed of oak trees above recommended felling age, provide habitats for a large group of stenotopic forest lichens which are absent in managed forests. The ‘Lekowo’ and ‘Modła’ nature reserves, despite their small areas, are valuable refuges that help to conserve remarkable lichen diversity at the local scale, and serve as potential diaspore sources for many rare and threatened lichen species
New locality of a rare lichen species Leptogium teretiusculum (Wallr.) Arnold. from northern Poland was reported. It is the first record of this species on terricolous substrate (soil and plant debris) in Poland. General distribution and ecology of the species was discussed.
The paper presents mycological studies conducted jointly with ornithologists on the epidemiology of mycoses and the taxonomic diversity and prevalence of fungi that colonise the selected onthocenoses in healthy, wild migratory birds. Aquatic ecosystem populations of healthy birds include a percentage of carriers of potential zoo- and anthropopathogens, and this study's purpose was to determine the percentage. The studies were performed on swabs sampled in vivo (during spring and autumn migrations) from the beak and cloaca of nine species of Charadriiformes in two age categories. Macro- and microcultures of fungi were prepared according to the standards for diagnostic mycological laboratories. From the 450 birds examined, fungi were isolated from 130 (26.5%) individuals. The sampling yielded 272 yeast isolates: 170 (62.5%) from the beak and 102 (37.5%) from the cloaca. The isolates represented 23 species, among which C. albicans, C. neoformans, and R. rubra were predominant. In both onthocenoses in young and adult birds, more fungi were recorded in autumn than in spring. As many as 15 species are included in the biosafety level classification, of which seven are categorised as category 2 and one as category 3.
Quality Parameters and Selected Biochemical Markers of ASP, Aspius Aspius (L.), Semen Obtained After Hormonal Stimulation with Ovaprim or Ovopel
The aim of the study was to determine the basic quality parameters and selected biochemical markers of asp, Aspius aspius (L.), semen after spermiation was stimulated with Ovaprim and Ovopel. Sperm motility and concentration, osmotic pressure, total protein content, and activities of acid phosphatase (AcP), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), and β-N-acetylglucosaminidase (β-NAG) were determined. It was revealed that higher sperm motility and concentration and higher seminal plasma protein content were obtained after stimulation with Ovaprim. The osmotic pressure of the seminal plasma estimated for males following the administration of Ovopel was higher than after they had been treated with Ovaprim. It was determined that enzyme activity in the seminal plasma of the fish stimulated with Ovaprim was higher in comparison with results obtained after they had been treated with Ovopel. Significant, positive dependencies were confirmed between the concentration of sperm and the total protein content in the seminal plasma (r2 = 0.492) and the activity of β-NAG (r2 = 0.779); among the total protein content in the seminal plasma and the activities of AcP (r2 = 0.476), LDH (r2 = 0.564), and β-NAG (r2 = 0.738); and between the activities of AcP and LDH (r2 = 0.483) and between the activities of LDH and β-NAG (r2 = 0.844).
Motiejūnaitė J., Berglund T., Czarnota P., Himelbrant D., Högnabba F., Konoreva L. A., Korchikov E. S., Kubiak D., Kukwa M., Kuznetsova E., Leppik E., Lõhmus P., Prigodina Lukošienė I., Pykälä J., Stončius D., Stepanchikova I., Suija A., Thell A., Tsurykau A., Westberg M., 2012: Lichens, lichenicolous and allied fungi found in Asveja Regional Park (Lithuania) [Kerpės, lichenofiliniai ir kerpėms artimi saprotrofiniai grybai Asvejos regioniniame parke]. - Bot. Lith., 18(2): 85-100. The paper reports the results of lichenological investigations in Asveja Regional Park (eastern Lithuania). A large part of the study was performed during the joint 18th Symposium of the Baltic Mycologists and Lichenologists (BMLS) and Nordic Lichen Society (Nordisk Lichenologisk Förening, NLF) meeting on 19-23 September 2011. A list of 259 species is presented. Of these, 30 species are new to Lithuania. Arthonia helvola, Bacidina sulphurella, Candelariella lutella, Catillaria croatica, Cladonia conista, Gyalecta derivata, Lecanoraquercicola, Leptosphaeria ramalinae, Strigula jamesii, Trichonectria rubefaciens, Verrucaria banatica, V. boblensis, V. christiansenii, V. illinoisensis, V. inornata, V. nigrofusca, V. trabicola, Zwackhiomyces diederichii were recorded for the first time in the Baltic countries. New lichens to Lithuania are as follows: Bacidiaincompta, Caloplaca crenulatella, C. pyracea, Catinaria atropurpurea, Lecanora populicola, L. semipallida, Mycobilimbia epixanthoides, Ramalina dilacerata, Verrucaria inaspecta, and new lichenicolous fungi are: Cladosporium licheniphilum, Stigmidium microspilum, Xenonectriella leptalea. Eighteen species included in the Lithuanian Red Data Book were recorded, which is the highest number known for any studied area in Lithuania.