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Małgorzata Pisarska-Jamroży, Katarzyna Machowiak and Dariusz Krzyszkowski

Sedimentation style of a Pleistocene kame terrace from the Western Sudety Mountains, S Poland

The depositional conditions of kame terraces in a mountain valley were analysed sedimentologically and petrologically through a series of kame terraces in the Rudawy Janowickie mountains. The kame terraces comprise five lithofacies associations. Lithofacies association GRt, Sp originates from deposition in the high-energy, deep gravel-bed channel of a braided river. Lithofacies association GC represents a washed out glacial till. Probably a thin layer of till was washed out by sandy braided rivers (Sp). The fourth association (Fh, Fm) indicates a shallow and quite small glaciomarginal lake. The last association (GRt, GRp) indicates the return of deposition in a sandy-bed braided channel. The petrography of the Janowice Wiekie pit and measurements of cross-stratified beds indicate a palaeocurrent direction from N to S. The Janowice Wielkie sedimentary succession accumulated most probably during the Saalian (Odranian, Saale I, Drenthe) as the first phase of ice-sheet melting, because the kame terrace under study is the highest one, 25-27 m above the Bóbr river level. The deposits under study are dominated by local components. The proglacial streams flowed along the margin of the ice sheet and deposited the kame terrace. The majority of the sedimentary succession was deposited in a confined braided-river system in quite deep channels.

Open access

Katarzyna Pochocka-Szwarc and Dariusz Krzyszkowski


The Rospuda subglacial channel hosts not only deep ribbon lakes and the Rospuda River itself, but also an outwash plain. The paper deals with a lithofacies analysis of deposits from exposures within the Rospuda outwash plain. With the support of geomorphological and geological analyses, it has been found that the outwash plain formed along the Rospuda subglacial channel that was being exposed from under the ice cover.

The lithological record of the Rospuda outwash plain shows a distinct division into a proximal and a distal zone. The deposits under study reveal a record of a break in basial sedimentation, when ice-wedge casts developed under conditions of periglacial climate. The development of the Rospuda outwash plain is linked with the ice-marginal zone of the Pomeranian phase, similarly to the Olecko-Rajgród outwash plain that is located to the west.

Open access

Dariusz Krzyszkowski, Lucyna Wachecka-Kotkowska, Dariusz Wieczorek and Andrzej Stoiński


The paper presents results of petrographic analyses of glacial tills in the western part of the Kleszczów Graben and the attempt of their stratigraphic interpretation. Petrographic coefficients have allowed the identification of five till lithotypes: T1, T2A, T2 and T2B – assigned to the South Polish Complex (Elsterian) and T4 correlated with the Middle Polish Complex (Saalian). The well-expressed tills that represent the South Polish Complex, occur at the bottom of the section. A new till lithotype, T2B, has been distinguished, corresponding to the Kuców Formation. It supplements the Pleistocene lithostratigraphic section of central Poland and corresponds to the Sanian 2 Glaciation. Among the younger tills, the T4 one (Odranian Glaciation) is well developed. The uppermost tills of the Wartanian cold stage have been reduced by glaciofluvial and fluvial erosion. It is, to some extent a consequence of the existence of a depression in this area, called the Szczerców Basin. The paper highlights the interpretational difficulties concerning the rank and the number of ice sheet advances during the Polish and Middle Polish Complexes in central Poland.