Variability of bio-optical parameters in Lake Jasień Północny and Lake Jasień Południowy
Bio-optical properties of water in two lakes from the Bytow district, Jasień Południowy (JS) and Jasień Północny (JN), were measured between 2007 and 2010. These lakes were chosen as reference for research in the Regional Environment Monitoring System (Wojewódzki Program Monitoringu Środowiska) between 2007 and 2009. The research concerned mainly OSCs (Optically Significant Constituents) such as chlorophyl a, SPM (Suspended Particulate Matter), CDOM (Colored Dissolved Organic Matter) and optical parameters of water (Secchi depth zSD, diffuse light attenuation coefficient Kd, PAR). The aim of this article is to present temporal variability of OSC and optical properties in the investigated lakes as well as the relation between OSCs and the optical properties of water. The research has shown that the variability in the properties of water of these lakes is quite significant: concentration of chlorophyl CChl varied from 1.3 to 32.3 mg m-3 and the Kd, PAR coefficient from 0.42 to 1.05 m-1. The obtained results were compared with the same parameters from other lakes in this region. The variability in the optical properties depend on the season and the biological activity of phytoplankton. Regression analyses showed a high correlation of optical properties of water with CChl and CSPM, and no correlation with CDOM concentration. The highest determination coefficient was obtained for the optical parameters correlated with the three OSCs. The presented results show not only annual variability and variability between the years but also an influence of OSC elements on the optical properties of lakes.
Eutrophication parameters and Carlson-type trophic state indices in selected Pomeranian lakes
The objective of the study (2007-09) was to determine the current trophic state of eight selected lakes - Rybiec, Niezabyszewskie, Czarne, Chotkowskie, Obłęże, Jasień Południowy, Jasień Północny, Jeleń - based on Carlson-type indices (TSIs) and, to examine the relationship between the four calculated trophic state indices: TSI(SD), TSI(Chl), TSI(TP) and TSI(TN). Based on these values, it can be claimed that the trophy level of the lakes are within the mesotrophic and eutrophic states. It was observed that the values of the TSI(TP) in the analysed lakes are higher than the values of the indices calculated on the basis of the other variables. Moreover, the differences between the indices for particular lakes, suggest that in none of the analysed lakes is phosphorus a factor which limits algal productivity.
The SatBałtyk (Satellite Monitoring of the Baltic Sea Environment) project is being realized in Poland by the SatBałtyk Scientific Consortium, specifically appointed for this purpose, which associates four scientific institutions: the Institute of Oceanology PAN in Sopot - coordinator of the project, the University of Gdańsk (Institute of Oceanography), the Pomeranian Academy in Słupsk (Institute of Physics) and the University of Szczecin (Institute of Marine Sciences). The project is aiming to prepare a technical infrastructure and set in motion operational procedures for the satellite monitoring of the Baltic Sea ecosystem. The main sources of input data for this system will be the results of systematic observations by metrological and environmental satellites such as TIROS N/NOAA, MSG (currently Meteosat 10), EOS/AQUA and Sentinel -1, 2, 3 (in the future). The system will deliver on a routine basis the variety of structural and functional properties of this sea, based on data provided by relevant satellites and supported by hydro-biological models. Among them: the solar radiation influx to the sea’s waters in various spectral intervals, energy balances of the short- and long-wave radiation at the Baltic Sea surface and in the upper layers of the atmosphere over the Baltic, sea surface temperature distribution, dynamic states of the water surface, concentrations of chlorophyll a and other phytoplankton pigments in the Baltic waters, spatial distributions of algal blooms, the occurrence of coastal upwelling events, and the characteristics of primary production of organic matter and photosynthetically released oxygen in the water and many others. The structure of the system and preliminary results will be presented.